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June 1975 

The Cover - This drawing from Annals of the 
Army of the Cumberland (1863) does not depict 
the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad during 
one of its better days. It carries this caption: 
"Guerillas destroying a railroad-train near 
Smyrna." At the close of the War Between the 
States, the Nashville and Chattanooga's road- 
bed was in a poor state of repair and the rolling 
stock was almost nonexistent. Be that as it may, 
the drawing may serve to illustrate the splendid 
article on railroads appearing in this issue. 

Published by 

Rutherford County Historical Society 

Murfreesboro, Tennessee 


V . 5 




It is our belief that one of the most significant 
contributions made by the Rutherford County Historical 
Society is its continuing program of publications. It 
is also our belief that the Society's membership fee of 
$5.00 is the best bargain offered by most any organization 
in our community. The cost of the two annual publications 
alone go beyond the modest membership fee. Sale of surplus 
copies, however, keep us in business. And, of course, this 
is our only real motive anyway. 

I should express the thanks of our membership to 
Henry Wray for his dedication to our publications. The 
collection and selection of materials and nursing all of 
these through the technical aspects of publishing have 
almost been a self-imposed chore by Mr. Wray. His departure 
for California will leave a void most difficult to fill. 

Fred Brigance 


Published by the 
Rutherford County Historical Society 


President Dr. Fred Brigance 

Vice President Mrs. Sue Ragland 

Secretary & Treasurer Mrs. Dorothy Matheny 

Recording Secretary Miss Louise Cawthon 

PUBLICATION NO. 5 (Limited Edition - 300 copies) is 
distributed to members of the Society. The annual member- 
ship dues is $5.00 (Family - $7.00) which includes the 
regular publications and the monthly NEWSLETTER to all 
members. Additional copies of PUBLICATION NO. 5 may be 
obtained at $3.00 per copy. 

All correspondence concerning additional copies, 
contributions to future issues, and membership should be 
addressed to 

D. M. Matheny 
1434 Diana Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 


The Rutherford County Historical Society is most 
appreciative of the efforts of those who made this issue 

Thomas N. Johns, Sr. 

Henry G. Wray, Rutherford County Archivist and 
Master Geneologist 

Walter King Hoover, Historian, author of The History 
of Smyrna , and Smyrna mortician. 


The Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad 

Through Rutherford County 1845-1872 Page 1 

by Thomas N. Johns, Sr. 

The Sutler's Wagon Page 27 

Rutherford County Post Offices and Postmasters 

by Henry G. Wray Page 28 

The Rutherford Rifles edited by Henry G. Wray Page 43 

Hardeman's Mill by Walter K. Hoover Page 54 

The Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad 
Through Rutherford County 1845-1872 
Thomas N. Johns Sr. 

"The matter of more interest to our readers generally, 
connected with the celebration of the opening of the rail- 
road to Murfreesborough, would be the speeches of Messrs. 
Ready and Stevenson. Although present on the occasion, we 
made no effort to sketch these speeches, and unless the 
speakers furnish a copy of their remarks f we shall not be 
able to gratify the public curiosity to see them in print. 

We suppose fifteen hundred persons passed over the 
road from Nashville to Murfreesborough, and the citizens of 
Rutherford and the adjoining counties were out in large 
numbers. The crowd was generally estimated at ten thousand. 
It was certainly a very large and a very happy one. The 
barbecue was ample and excellent and the arrangements were 
so judiciously made and executed that all were accommodated, 
without confusion or crowding. Murfreesborough did herself 
high honor in the preparations for feasting so large a crowd, 
and we are sure that her hospitalities will long be remembered 
by the citizens of Nashville. 


It was a great day for both towns and for the enter- 
prising gentlemen to whose herculean labors we owe the 
success of the great work of connecting Nashville with the 
Seaboard cities of the South. A tenth of the effort expended 
by Col. Stevenson and his colleagues of the Board of Directors 
in getting up this road, will secure the construction of any 
other work in which Nashville has an interest. Both for 
itself and for its influence we regard this road as infinitely 
the most important enterprise in which the citizens of our 
State have ever engaged. In honor and in profit may the 
stockholders reap a reward commensurate with the benefits 
they have conferred on the State." 

The memorable event was the partial conclusion of years 
of effort by Vernon K. Stevenson, a visionary, who dreamed 
of a railroad stretching from the Northeast to the Southern 
Seaboard Cities with the center of the system being Middle 
Tennessee. His determination, endurance, and salesmanship 
created the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad Company 
which in turn stirred the economic development of Middle 
Tennessee and especially Rutherford County. 

This article will attempt to postulate the role that 
Rutherford County and Rutherford Countians played in the 
development of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad and a 
few of the events and incidents which occurred between 1845 
and 1872 in and around Rutherford County. The N & C Railroad 
was the first bona fide railroad in the State of Tennessee, 
and did not come under the so called land grant railroad 



legislation. The N & C was never in the hands of receiver- 

. 3 
ship because of the strong leadership and direction of its 

three presidents, Vernon K. Stevenson 1848-1864, Michael 

Burns 1864-1868, and Edmund W. Cole 1868-1873.^ 

In the early 1800' s, the land in Middle Tennessee was 
newly settled and sparsely populated, and sufficient trans- 
portation was provided by the river system (Cumberland, 
Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi Rivers) and stage roads. 
However, by the early 1830 's the situation had changed. 
Middle Tennessee's population had increased, more farmland 
had been opened, and there were more products for market and 
more markets for manufactured products. 

The idea of a railroad through Nashville was first 
presented, in 1835, to Nashville by Robert Y. Hayne of South 
Carolina who proposed a route from Memphis through Nashville 
to Knoxville but somehow remained only an idea. Two years 
later William Armor, a resident of Memphis, proposed a 
railroad from the Southeast to the Northeast, but the economic 
depression of 1837 stymied any such venture and thus the 
idea of the railroad remained dormant for almost ten years. 
About 1831, a young man, V. K. Stevenson, moved to Nashville 
and set up business as a merchant. He married well and made 
many friends in Nashville as well as Murfreesboro and Ruther- 
ford County. Stevenson was moved by the idea of a railroad 
and realized as a merchant that a railroad would enhance the 
marketable products of the area, as well as bring products 
into the area.^ 


Some of the predominant reasons for the existence of a 
railroad from Nashville to Chattanooga in 1844 were as 
follows: (1) The eastern seaboard cities of Charleston and 
Savannah offered ready markets for products and access to 
other markets through these ports. Nashville and Middle 
Tennessee products included tobacco, cotton, hogs, cattle, 
mules, horses, wool, brandy and whiskey; also, 3 rolling 
mills, 21 blast furnaces, and 11 forges, all totaling almost 
13 million dollars per year. (2) The Western and Atlantic 
Railroad owned and operated by the State of Georgia was 
building a railroad north to Chattanooga from Atlanta scheduled 
to be completed in the early 1850 's. (3) The Louisville 
and Nashville Railroad was formalizing plans for their road 
to Nashville. (4) A fast and efficient mode of passenger 
transportation to the east coast was needed since stage 

coaches required 3 1/2 days for the journey to the east 

coast and 14 days to Philadelphia. (5) Accessible entry 

into the deposits of coal in the Cumberland Mountains was 

needed. (6) The overall economic development of Middle 

Tennessee was urgently needed. 

V. K. Stevenson enlisted the support of his friends, 

James Overton of Nashville and James Whiteside of Chattanooga, 

for the development of a railroad. Both men traveled about 

making speeches advocating the building of the N & C railroad. 

The local newspapers of Nashville and surrounding towns, 

through the urging of these men, added their support for 

the N & C. Also many small towns, particularly Murfreesboro, 

supported the idea for economic purposes. Charleston, South 








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Carolina, and other seaboard cities encouraged the building 
of the N & C. The State of Georgia and the Georgia Railroad 

and Banking Company pledged their money and support for the 

Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad Company. 

Thus with much needed support and encouragement, the 
Tennessee Legislature lobbied by all these interest, plus 
many citizens, voted and approved the organization of a rail- 
road from Nashville to Chattanooga. 

After the charter was granted on 11 December 1845 by the 
State of Tennessee, machinery was set into motion almost 
immediately. The first Commissioners appointed were: John M. 
Bass, John M. Hill, Francis B. Fogg, Andrew Ewing, A. 0. P. 
Nicholson, V. K. Stevenson, John Bell, Willoughby Williams, 
William Nichol, S. D. Morgan, Joseph T. Elliston, Joseph W. 


Horton, James A. Porter, James Overton and John Shelby. The 
Commissioners were instructed to open Subscription Books 
for the purpose of listing 60,000 shares at $25.00 each. 
The power of eminent domain was granted the N & C plus a 
selection of a right of way 100 feet wide. Also the right 
of slave ownership was granted. In addition the N & C was 
exempted from taxes on its building and property for twenty 
years. But the most important task was the selction of a 
feasible route from Nashville to Chattanooga. 

V. K. Stevenson, on one of his many trips to Charleston, 
engaged John Edgar Thomson, Resident Engineer of Georgia 
Railroad and Banking Company, to survey a route for the N & C 
and report his findings to the Commissioners. Theodore S. 
Garrett, C. E. , also of the Georgia Railroad and Banking 


Company, undertook the actual instrumental survey of the 
route. Thomson and Company commenced the survey at Chattanooga 
some time in 1846 but since the terrain was rugged and 
unchartered the survey took six months or more to complete. 

By 1847 the Commissioners had Thomson's preliminary 
survey and report. In the report he described the route 
through Rutherford County as the least obstacled course on 
the line. Thomson estimated that the line would be 152 miles 
long, actual mileage was 152.6, with almost thirty miles in 
Rutherford County. The line enters Rutherford County about 
Mile 14 near LaVergne in the northeast section passing 
through Murfreesboro and exits near the town of Fosterville, 
Mile 45, in the southeastern section. 

Thomson estimated the cost of the N & C to be $2,810,000 
with the actual cost being about $2,700,000. He even suggested 
that the track and iron be made within the State thus creat- 
ing jobs and the development of the resources of the State. 
Unfortunately all rail and accessories were bought in England 
and transported to New Orleans by ship where they were 
transferred to barge for the final journey to Nashville. 

John Thomson later became President of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad. He took no compensation except for expenses for 
the survey of the N & C, because he realized the construction 
of the road was vital to the Nation as well as Tennessee. 
About 1854, the Board of Directors issued Thomson stock in 
the company for his services. 


With the survey report in hand, the Commissioners 
solicited stock subscriptions from citizens and townships. 
The City of Nashville agreed to $500,00 in stock, the town of 
Murfreesborough $30,000 (a large sum for a town of only 
2,000 people), the town of Shelbyville $50,000, the City of 
Charleston $500,000, the Town of Winchester $25,000, the 
Georgia Railroad and Banking Company $250,000 and bonds 
guaranteed by the State for $500,000, plus individual sub- 
scriptions all totaling $2,588,450. 

Therefore, on 24 January 1848, the first stockholders 
meeting of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad Company 
was held at the City Hall in Nashville, and the corporate 
organization was completed. Officers and a Board of Directors 
were elected: 

President - V. K. Stevenson Chief Engineer - James H. Grant 
Treasurer - Orville Ewing Superintendent of Transportation 

H. I. Anderson 

Board of Directors 

Vernon K. Stevenson James C. Moore) 

Alex Allison William Spence) Rutherford Co. 

John M. Bass Jeremiah Cleveland) 

Francis B. Fogg John T. Neil ) Bedford Co. 

Edwin Ewing William S. Waterson-Cof f ee Co. 

A. O. P. Nicholson) Peter S. Deckard-Franklin Co. 

Samuel D. Morgan ) Davidson Co. A. M. Rutledge-Grundy Co. 

James A. Whiteside-Hamilton Co. 

The following Rutherford Countians owned 1975 shares of 

stock in the N & C with almost 12% of the voting power: 

Alexander, J. D. Eaglton, Wm. Jamison, H. D. 

Alexander, A. M. Edmundson, Jno. Kerby, James M. 

Allison, Wra. Espy, Robt. Kerr, G. W. 

Alexander, A. G. Elder, Joshua Kimbro, Joseph 

Alexander, M. H. Fletcher, M. L. Killough, James 


Alexander, Jesse 
Anderson, Samuel 
Alexander, Daniel 
Abernathy, J. J. 

& wife 
Blackman, Alfred 
Bowman, Ben E. 
Baird, Josiah M. 
Baird, J. P. 
Brittain, Jno. 
Bowman, Daniel 
Butler, W. S. 
Baird, Jno. 
Brown , Thos . 

Baugh, Jno. A. 
Brashear, Jesse 
Black, L. P. 
Brown , Jno . , Jr . 
Bone, James 
Bell, James, Estate 
Beaty, Geo. 
Burton, Hardy M. 
Beaty, Ben j . 
Binford, J. W. 
Bar , Jane 
Bryant, Charlotte 
Burk, Francis L. 
Brown , Jno . 
Butler, T. 0. 
Brown, W. T. 
Christy, S. B. 
Conley, J. W. 
Carlton, Kinton 
Childress, Jno. W. 
Cannon, Alanson 
Cranor, Thos. B. 
Covington, E. I. 
Claud, F. N. , Jr. 
Childress, Mary E. 
Corporation of 

Murf reesboro 
Cowan, V. D. 
Clark, Sarah 
Crocker, Eugenie 
Clay, Green 
Conley, W. M. 
Crosswaite, G. D. 
Davis, Luckett 
Dromgoole, E. D. 
Dejarnett, D. M. 
Davis, A. P. 
Davis, J. W. 
Dejarnett, James G. 
Edwards , Thomas 

Foster, James 
Floyd, Rich'd. J. 
Fulks, Jno. 

Farris, Chas. B. 
Grant, James H. 
Garmnay , Wm . 
Gilliam, Jesse 
Garner, Lewis 
Gregory , Henry 
Gilmore, J. D. 
Gilmore, Peter 
Gooch, Eliza A. 

Henry, Rebecca L. 
Henderson, Jas. F. 
Henderson, G. T. 
House, Margrate 
House, Ambrose 
Hunt, W. 
House, Geo. W. 
Hill, Jno. 
Hord, Thomas 
House, Jno. C. 
Henry, F. 
Harris, Jno. C. 
Huggins, J. 
Huggins , Jonathan 
Hall, Jno. 
Hancock, E. D. 
Hart, Thos. M. 
Hall, Wm. 
Hartwell, J. A. 
Henderson, A. G. 
Huggins, J.&W.S. 
Jarratt, Thompson 
Jarratt, Jno. J. 
Jarratt, Thos. S. 
Jetton, James S. 
Jetton, Rufus B. 

Jones, Wm. 
Johns, J. B. 
Jetton, Lewis 
Johns, Paul V. 
Jordon, Blount 
Jones, Jno. 
Johns, R. V. 
Johnson, D. H. 
Job, E. C. 
Jones, E. H. 
Jamison, Thos. H. 
Jetton, Maria 
Jones, Scisley S. 

King, Elias 
Kerby, J. H. 
Keeble, E. A. 
Lamb , Thomas 

Leiper & Menefee 
Lowe , Wm . 
Lytle, E. F. 
Lawrence, James 
Ledbetter, Wm. 
Lytle, W. F. 
Lyon, James S. 
Landsburger, Moses 
McCullough, R. D. 

McFadden, Will R. 
Martin, Kno. 
Martin, Wm. 
Mathews, E. L. 
Maxey, Philip 
McFadden, Sam 
McLean, A. H. 
McLean, C. G. 
McCreary, A. 
Mitchell, Daniel 
Marable, Benj . 
Mankin, Jno. 
Maxey, Joel 
Mathews, Wm. R. 
Miller, Alfred 
Murphy , Jno . 
Maney, James 
Murfree, M. B. 
Minter, Jno. M. 
Mason, P. M. 
May, Frederick 
Minter, Jeptha 
Mullins Jno. 
Morton, George C. 
Marr, James A. 
McElroy, A. M. 

Miller, S. G. 
Nance, J. N. 
Nelson, A. W. 
North, Theodrick 
North, A. 
Norman , Henry 
Newman , E . D . 
Newsom, Thos. H. 
Newsom, Jno. F. 
Northway, H. K. 
Oden, Jno. A. 
Overall, Robt. 
Overall, Asbury D. 

Owen , Thomas 
Osborne, Harvey 
Overall , Sophia 
Overall, Sophia & 

Mary J. 
Peebles, Isham R. 
Peebles, George 
Phelps, Asa C. 
Powell, Jno. 
Powell, R. H. 
Parker , Nehemiah 
Powell, Thos. P. 
Quarles, Jno. W. 

(Trustee Ruth. Co, 
Ready, Chas. Sr. 
Ransom, H. D. 
Rucker , James 
Reed, James 
Reed, Wm. A. 
Ress, A. M. 
Rooker, Wm. 
Ransom, Elizabeth 
Ransom, R. P. 
Ransom, Wm. A. 
Ross, Alfred 
Rucker, S.R. ,Sr. 
Rather, Martha A. 
Ransom, B. F. 
Rucker, Sm. R. 
Rucker, Wm. B. 
Ransom, Jno. 
Ransom, David 
Ransom, Sam'l. 
Ransom, Ben j . 
Ransom, Ben j . 
Ridley, Moses 

Ridley, Henry 

Rucker, Joseph B. 
Ridley, Eliza. 
Rucker, Ben j . 
Ransom, George 
Ransom, Ann E. 
Ross, James 
Runnel, P. R. 
Rucker, Susan C. 
Rakes, R. 
Ridley, B. L. 
Smith, George W. 
) Sharp, W. J. 
Swann, Moses 
Spence, Sarah 
Sikes, Jesse 
Smith, D.D. 
Stroop, Jno. 
Smith, Jackson 
Summers, T. H. 
Smith, W.H. (Whig) 
Spence, D.H.C. 
Smith, Wm. M. 
Smith, W. Hunter 
Smith, Joseph 
Smith, W.H. (Dem.) 
Smith, Jno. E. 

Smith, Ben j . 
Smith, Swinfield L. 
Smith, Elizabeth L. 
Smith, Elizabeth J. 
Smith, Elizabeth M, 
Snell, Robt. 
Smith, A. J. 



Stone, Wm. 
Suttle, Ellis 
Tray lor, Joel 
Traylor, H. F. 
Trimble, Joseph 
Tucker, Silas 
Thomas, Wilson 
Thompson, George 
Talley, P. C. 
Tucker, P. C. 
Wade , Levi 
Watkins, S. 
Ward, B. 
Wright, W. 
Watkins, Joseph 
Wade, H. & R. 
Wade, O. H. 
Watkins, Wilson L. 
Walden, Jno. 
Welch, Thos. (Estate) 
Wade, Mordecai B. 
Williams, Elisha 
White, R. H. 
White, B. G. 
Weather ford, J. Q. 
White, R. M. 
White, W. N. 
Wether spoon, A. B. 
Work, Jno. L. 
Wharcy, L. C. 
Williams, E. 
Young, Hiram 
Yandell, L. P. 

Actual construction of the N & C started at one of the 
most unlikely spots along the route in August of 1848, 
this being the tunnel through the Cumberland Mountains near 
Cowan, Tennessee. The tunnel nearly half a mile long was 
entirely through solid rock with approaches on either side 
of the same material. The contract for the tunnel was let to 
Thomas C. Bates on August 1, 1848. As work began on each end 
of the tunnel, three shafts 11 x 7 feet were sunk 170 feet 


deep from the top of the mountain and thus eight points of 
the tunnel could be worked simultaneously 24 hours a day. 
Slave labor and Irish emigrants composed the majority of 
the work crews. The tools used for excavation were hard 
drills, sledge hammers, picks, shovels, ropes, pulleys and 
wheelbarrows. Light for working was provided by smoking 
torches and the explosive used was black powder. The tunnel 
was completed on 22 February 1851 when the Crow Creek heading 
of the tunnel was blown. A large celebration was held in 
Winchester to commemorate the completion of the tunnel. It 
is said workmen, railroad officials and area residents 

walked through the trackless tunnel carrying their own 


Actual letting of sections began on 20 December 1848 
when thirty miles were let; 13 miles at the Nashville end 
(to the Rutherford County line) , and the remainder in Bedford 
County and in Alabama, terminating at the Tennessee River. 
It was not until a more detailed survey by James Grant, 
Resident Engineer, and the Engineering Department, that 
other sections were let. On 19 June, at Murfreesboro, the 
section from Fly's curve (Kimbro mile 13) to Murfreesboro 
and from Murfreesboro to section 57 (to the Duck River) and 
four sections between the Garrison and Barren Forks of the 
Duck River were let, all totaling 45 miles. The work was 
let to stockholders of the N & C with few exceptions. A 
brief description of the line from the Rutherford - Davidson 
County Line to Murfreesboro follows: 


"The located line after passing Fly's curve 
to the left pursues a straight course for nearly 
3 miles crossing the Murfreesboro Turnpike about 
one quarter of a mile east of James Buchanan's, 
thence crossing the Jefferson Turnpike near 
William Davis' Horse saw-mill. From this point 
the line runs perfectly straight 13 1/4 miles to 
Murfreesboro, crossing Stewarts Creek about one- 
third of a mile above Hardeman's Mills, and 
recrossing the Murfreesboro Turnpike two miles 
from town . 

As far as can be determined the route was divided into 
152 sections with one section per mile. The section or sections 

from Smyrna to Wade were let to Silas Tucker who owned much 

of the land where Smyrna is today. He sold most of the 

land to the N & C and gave a plot of ground supposedly 

for the public square for the town. 

A notable individual, James Grant, who was born in Maine, 

educated in the East and a civil engineer was working for 

the Georgia Railroad and Banking Company with J. E. Thomson 

when Stevenson visited the Georgia Company. Apparently 

Stevenson was impressed with James Grant for he became the 

first Chief Resident Engineer of the N & C. James Grant had 

worked six years with the Georgia Railroad and Banking Company 

before he came to Middle Tennessee in 1848. He was charged 

with actual location and construction of the N & C Railroad 


from Nashville to Chattanooga. To be near the center of 
the line for supervisory purposes he chose a community, 
Christiana, 42 miles from Nashville. 

From Christiana he directed all construction, super- 
structures, ties and rails, buildings and bridges of the 

N & C. It is said he named all the stations from Nashville 

to Chattanooga including the town of Christiana. In the 

. . 15 
early 1850' s, he married and built his home in Christiana. 

His home, which he designed and built within 1/4 of a mile 
of the N & C line, still stands. In addition, he was the 
agent at Christiana and his wife opened the first Post 
Office and store at Christiana. His descendents still 
operate the Post Office at Christiana. In 1859, he left the 
N & C and worked for the Atlanta and Jacksonville Railroad 
and subsequently he was Chief Engineer of the New Orleans, 
Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad. After the war he 
returned to the N & C as Chief Engineer with his office at 

Very little has been written or known about James Grant 
(a third cousin to President U. S. Grant) , although his con- 
tribution to Middle Tennessee and Rutherford County is 
immeasurable. Today he lies buried with his wife behind 
the Presbyterian Church in Christiana; however, there are no 
markers identifying the graves. 

As the line began to develop, points along the line 

acquired names. Starting in Nashville the points are: 







Mt. View 












Bell Buckle 






Estill Springs 



T. C. Junction 



Bass, Alabama 

Stevenson, Ala. 

Bolivar, Ala. 

Bridgeport, Ala. 

Shell Mound, Tn. 




Etna Mines 

Hooker, Ga. 





(Rutherford Co.) 

Mile (Davidson Co.) 




(Bedford Co.) 












The 1850 Census lists Irish Emigrants and citizens of 

Rutherford County working for the railroad. 

Irish Laborours 

Daniel Raden 
Robert Wiseman 
Jno. Cochran 
Jno . Newman 

Patrick Fitzgerald 
John Loorney 
John Hurley 
Wm. Hurt 

Thomas Burns 
John Clancey 
Lawrence Riley 
John Face 


Daniel Creden John Cannon James Hope 

Wm. Stuart Timothy Godfrey V. G. McDonal 

Arthur Mallory William Fin Patrick Armstrong 

Nicholas Murray John Smith 

Rutherford Count ians 

Jno. Gramps Superstructor R. R. 

J. Hezekiah Oliver Engineer R. R. 

G. W. Becton Railroad Contractor 

Richd. G. Buchanan Overseer R. R. 

F. Henry R. R. Contractor 

John Sullivan Bedford David Peter Mason 

Wm. F. Youree Wm. R. Davis Joseph Hays 

Wm. Johnson Isaac Rouse John Armstrong 

Adon Zumbro John Ramsey Jno. Canada 

James Shepherd S. W. Belt Geo. Foreman 

In 1849, V. K. Stevenson as President of the N & C, 

traveled to England and negotiated a contract for iron rails, 

chairs and spikes for the line at 2<: per pound. I believe 

this rail to be the old "U" rail, or commonly known at that 

time as bridge rail, weighing 80 tons per mile. The rail 

recommended by John E. Thomson was the "U" rail weighing 

100 tons per mile. The "U" rail was laid on cedar ties. 

(These ties were cedar poles about six feet long.) The 

rails were set five feet apart which was the standard guage 

at that time. 

In a letter to M. Burns, President N & C Railroad, on 

May 4, 1866, from James Grant, a description of the rail and 

roadbed follows : "When the track was laid originally 

the joints of the rails were held up by cedar stringers 

(7x7 inches 20 ft. long) the rail joints being in the 

centre of the stringers it was impossible for them to go 

down unless the stringers broke (which they did not) and that 


was one of the Great Advantages the Co. derived from the 
stringers. We had no trouble in keeping up the joints on 
the mud road bed ! The other great advantage derived from 
continuous bearing timbers, was saving of the wear & tear 
of rails — by giving a uniform and elastic support to them, 
they were not unduly strained, crooked and battered up at 
the ends, and the "U" rails have lasted (with all the unneces- 
sary & fast running over them) twice as long as they would, 
if they had been laid on crossties at fissures — where we did 
lay them on crossties, on the Chattanooga end, we found out 

by experience 15 years ago, that it was impossible to keep 

the track up without rock ballast ! " 

H. I. Anderson, who owned land in Rutherford County 
where Florence is today, was the Super of all superstructures 
(grading and leveling) from Nashville to Murfreesboro. Most 
of the work was completed by a negro work force. 

The "U" rail from the Tennessee River to Chattanooga 
was laid on crossties, and the rails weighed approximately 
100 tons per mile. The "U" rail from Nashville to the 
Tennessee River was laid on stringers. Most of the "U" rail 
lasted until about 1863 when a Federal work force rebuilt 
the road. 

The bridges across Hurrican Creek, Harts Branch, 
Stewart's Creek, Overall Creek and the two Stone's River 
Bridges were all constructed of cedar except for some white 
oak stringers. The cedar was acquired from land throughout 
Middle Tennessee. 


By December 1851, many freight and passenger stations 
had been built. A freight and passenger house combined 
(third class) was erected at Smyrna and Wartrace. A freight 
house was completed at Murfreesboro. Woodsheds and water 
stations were constructed at Antioch, Smyrna and Christiana. 
By December 1852, water stations were completed at Lavergne, 
Murfreesboro, Bell Buckle, Wartrace, Normandy, Tullahoma, 
Alisonia, Dechard and Tantalon. Water stations were supplied 
as follows: Lavergne, Murfreesboro and Chattanooga, by 
steam; Christiana, Estill's Springs and Cowan, by horse power; 
Fosterville, Normandy Grade, Cumberland Mt. , Tantalon, 
Anderson, and Stevenson by gravity. Murfreesboro Station 
received its water from Murfree's Spring Branch. 

As the road began to take shape, H. I. Anderson, the 
Superintendent of Transportation, journeyed to Cincinnati 
and acquired the first rolling stock for the N & C. The 
first engine arrived in Nashville 13 December 1850 along 
with several passenger cars and freight cars, on the Steamboat 
"Beauty." The engine bore the name "Tennessee" and was 
built by Harkness and Sons of Cincinnati and was a 4-4-0 
type engine weighing 20 tons. The engine was dragged by 
mules from the wharf through the streets of Nashville to 
the N & C tracks on Cherry Street. This procedure required 
four days and was watched with interest by the citizens of 
Nashville. A trial run of one mile was made on the N & C 
line 27 December 1850. ^'"^^ 


By April 9, 1851, the "Tennessee" had pulled its first 

train to Antioch, about 10 miles, where a large crowd greeted 

the train. By April 1851, the train reached Rutherford 

County. On 4 July 1851, the train ran to Murfreesboro 

where a large celebration took place. About 1500 citizens 

of Nashville traveled over the line to Murfreesboro and nearly 

the entire population of Rutherford County turned out to see 

the "train. "^ 

A second engine, "Gen. Harrison," commenced service 
3 June 1851 and a third engine, "V. K. Stevenson," commenced 
service 2 July 1851. When the celebration of 4 July 1851 
was held, the N & C had 2 passenger cars, 1 baggage car, 
7 box cars, 18 platform cars and 9 repairing cars. Undoubtedly 
all were utilized to bring the citizens of Nashville to 
Murfreesboro, since many citizens wanted to ride the train. 

By 1852 trains were operating as far south as Dechard 

and the Shelbyville branch was opened. In February, 1854, 

the line was completed into Chattanooga. 

An interesting occurrence was noted on 6 November 1851 

in a letter from J. F. Hibbett at Mt. View to son, Theophalis, 

at school: "The locomotive Tennessee ran over a cow about 

a week ago and turned a summerset and half killing 1 negro 

and injuring several of the passengers, accidents are frequent 

on the road occasioned by carelessness on the part of the 

Engineer. They travel over about 60 miles of the road daily 

backward and forward making 120 mile travel - we have not 

taken a ride as yet." 


The early engines were all named for prominent people, places 
and towns. The entire list is as follows: 

1 Tennessee 13 Shelbyville 25 H. Gourdine 

2 Gen. Harrison 14 R. I. Moore 26 H. W. Conner 
5 V. K. Stevenson 15 Gov. Sevier 27 John P. King 

4 W. S. Waterson 16 Ctomberland 28 G. A. Trenholm 

5 Tullahoma 17 Gov. Carroll 29 John C. Caldwell 

6 John Eakin 18 Gov. Houston 30 Murfreesboro 

7 Grampus 19 H. L. White 31 Winchester 

8 Nashville 20 J. K. Polk 32 R;. Rogers 

9 J. E.Thompson 21 Andrew Jackson 33 Geo. Peabody 

10 Coweta 22 Daniel Webster 34 g. B. Lamar 

11 Pollard 23 Henry Clay 35 J. T. Soutter 

12 Chattanooga 24 John C. Calhoun 36 Wm. Moore 

37 W. C. Smartt 

The preceding list of locomotives were built by various 
builders; Harkness and Sons, M. W. Baldwin, Niles and Company, 
Nashville Manufacturing Company, Norris and Brothers, Rodgers, 
Ketchiam and Grosvenor, Moore and Richardson, and the Rogers 
Locomotive Machine Works. With the exception of one or two 
pusher engines, all were 4-4-0 wheel type weighing approxi- 
mately 20 tons apiece. 

The name "Tennessee" was applied to two other engines. 
The first "Tennessee" was scrapped during the war. The 

second "Tennessee" was the original "Chattanooga," and the 

third was a rebuilt Rogers Locomotive built in 1855. It 

operated until 1918 when it was sold to a South Georgia 

Lumber Company. The engine was used extensively by the 

Thomases (John and John, Jr.) as an inspection and pay train 

from 1884 to 1912.^ 

The engine "Murfreesboro" was used primarily as a 

freight engine. It was a 4-4-0 type and was built by Norris 

and Brothers . The engine exploded in Kentucky during the 


war and was scrapped. Apparently no photo was ever taken of 

the engine "Murfreesboro. " 

Most of the engines could pull 11 or 12 cars success- 
fully; and they took two days to reach Chattanooga from 
Nashville with a layover at Dechard. It was not until 1870 
that the N & C acquired Rodgers built "16 car engines" (none 
of these were named) . They were called 16 car engines 
because they could haul 16 cars in about 16 hours between 
Nashville and Chattanooga. -^ 

The N & C operated profitably from 1854 until Nashville 
fell to the Federal Troops. 

Rutherford countians who worked for the railroad, 

according to the 1860 Census were: 

J. Latimer-R. Reader John Thomas-R. R. Agent 

H. Prince-R. R. John Cumins-R. R. Supt. 

A. B. Sanders-Engineer B. F. Norman-R. R. Overseer 

Jos. Tatetum-Engineer Ben Mason-R. R. Hand 

Jas. McGill-Engineer John Tilford-R. R. Supt. 

Henry Brown-Engineer J. L. Cinse-Conductor 

E. McGill-Engineer J. H. Grant-Engineer 
M. H. Gowin- Bridge Bldr. 

By 1860 the N & C was rolling between Nashville and 

Chattanooga with the following equipment: 

Freight Engines — 21 Coal Cars — 26 

Passenger Engines — 7 Gravel Cars — 16 

Light Engines & Switchers — 9 Camp Cars — 8 

Box Cars — 225 1st Class Passenger Cars — 9 

Stock Cars — 31 2nd Class Passenger Cars — 8 

Platform Cars — 51 Mail & Baggage Cars — 6 

All the engines were wood burners so contractors along 
the line furnished wood. 

About 1858, John W. Thomas was employed on the N & C 
at Murfreesboro as one of the first freight agents. John 


Thomas was born in nearby Wilson County but attended school 
at Union University at Murf rocsboro. He graduated from 
Union University and began a teaching career. But the rigors 
of teaching were not good for his health. His doctor 
recommended he resign and begin another occupation. Thus 
he was employed to operate the local hotel in Murfreesboro 
and in this capacity he became familiar with various railroad 
officials. Recognizing his ability they hired him to operate 
the Railroad Hotel at Murfreesboro and in 1858 he was 
appointed Freight Agent at Murfreesboro. One railroad report 
noted that the Murfreesboro Station was in good hands since 
the agent there "repudiates the word fail." He gradually 
climbed the ladder of management and became President of 
the N. C. St St. L. Railroad from 1884 to 1906. His son, 
John, Jr., was born in Murfreesboro and he, too, became the 

President of the N. C. & St. L. Railroad from 1906 to 1913 

and was known by railroad men as "little John. 

By 1861, in anticipation of War and of a Federal block- 
age, the N & C was busy hauling goods south. Passenger 
trains were cut to four daily and all freight engines were 
working 24 hours a day. With the fall of Fort Donelson, 
the N & C began to evacuate the rolling stock and engines 
south for safety. John Thomas was assigned the task of 
getting the N & C equipment south of Chattanooga which he 
completed. V. K. Stevenson, as the Confederate Quartermaster 
at Nashville, became alarmed, so he packed his belongings, sold 
his home, and boarded a special train deserting Nashville 
and its stores. On February 24, 186 2, the Federals took 


Nashville without a battle. As the Confederates retreated 
down the N & C they destroyed bridges and roadway as far 
south as the Tennessee River Bridge. They did not destroy 
the big Tennessee River Bridge until Federal Troops attacked 
and then they only bruned the south section. Union troops 
later burned the northern end and rendered it unuseable. 
Union construction corps rebuilt 113 miles of the N & C. 
General D. C. McCallum reports the condition of the N & C — 
"The track was laid originally on an unballasted mud roadbed 
in a very imperfect manner, with light "U" rail on wooden 
stringers, which were badly decayed and caused almost daily 
accidents by spreading apart and letting the engines and 
cars drop between them. " Average train speed was about 

8 miles per hour. Some of the "U" rail was ripped up and 

replaced with "T" rail. 

With the line opened 113 miles from Nashville to 
Stevenson, Alabama, on 12 July 1862, the Federals planned to 
advance upon Chattanooga. However, they had not planned on 
N. B. Forrest attacking Murfreesboro on 13 July 1862, 
destroying track near Murfreesboro. Later Forrest attacked 
near Nashville on the N & C and destroyed additional track. 
The track was repaired again. General Buell, the Federal 
Commander, feared an attack on Nashville so troops were 
withdrawn to Nashville. Also about this time, Morgan was 
destroying track and bridges on the L & N in Kentucky. 

General Braxton Bragg 's army had marched into Kentucky, 
but after the Battle of Perryville the army retreated south 



to Murfreesboro. Before the Battle of Stones River, 

Jefferson Davis traveled to N & C to Murfreesboro where he 
conferred with Bragg. ^^ After the Battle of Stones River, 
the southerners retreated down the N & C and wintered near 
Wartrace and Shelbyville. Thus the N & C was opened and 
operated from Chattanooga to Wartrace but not for long. 
Rosecrans pushed south in the summer along the N & C. As 
the Confederates retreated, the N & C was burned and des- 
troyed for the second time. During the remainder of the 

war the United States Military ran the N & C with head- 

quarters in Nashville. 

The construction corps built forts at strategic bridges 
along the N & C. Most were built of wooden poles resembling 
a western fort. Most were never attacked. 

During the war John Thomas was the railroad agent at 
Wilmington, North Carolina, where he directed the flow of 
cotton and other products to Europe by way of the blockade 
runners. V. K. Stevenson was also involved in this project 

he used N & C engines and equipment for the hauling. 

Stevenson became a wealthy man from this operation. 

In 1865 as Jefferson Davis fled Richmond with his 
train, James Latimer, an early N & C employee, was the con- 
ductor on that train. Latimer whose home was Fosterville 


worked for the N & C for many years. The engine that 
pulled Jefferson Davis from Richmond was an N & C engine, 
"John C. Calhoun." Another N & C engine, "Nashville," 

was one of the locomotives that hauled President Lincoln's 


Funeral Train on its journey from Washington to Illinois. 


The federal government returned the N & C to the 
management after the war, and Michael Burns was elected or 
appointed President of the N & C. James Grant returned to 
Christiana and acquired his old job as Resident Engineer 
of the road. He retained this position until his death 
around 1870. James Grant was in charge of two changes on 
the N & C from 1866 to 1868. First, the roadbed was 
ballasted for the first time and secondly the locomotives 
were changed from wood burners to coal burners. 

The Jasper branch was purchased in 1867 and according 
to Jamse Grant the N & C had practically owned and 

the line for years. This branch brought accessibility to 

the coal mines in that area. 

Around 15 August 1868, an incident occurred in Ruther- 
ford County which decided the outcome of the election of E. W. 
Cole as the third President of the N & C. Burns, who was 
the President, was running against E. W. Cole. John Thomas, 
then agent at Murfreesboro, was assigned the task of 
delivering proxies from stockholders in Murfreesboro and 
Rutherford County to the Stockholders Meeting at Nashville. 
Apparently, Thomas was riding a train from Chattanooga to 
Nashville with the proxies, but at Christiana the train 
was sidetracked by Burns. Thomas learning of this wired 
a friend at Murfreesboro to get a fast horse and rider to 
Christiana for delivery of the proxies to Nashville. The 
horse and rider arrived at Christiana, received the proxies, 
and started its journey to Nashville. The horse dropped 


dead at Lavergne where the rider promptly stole a horse in 
a nearby field and delivered the proxies on to Nashville. 

E. W. Cole was elected the third President of the Nashville 

and Chattanooga Railroad. 

The Rutherford County Courthouse was the site of all 

stockholders meetings from 1849 to 18 58. The meetings were 

usually held on the second Wednesday of December each year. 

However, after 1858 the meetings were always held in 


After the war, the N & C managed the bankrupt Nashville 

and Northwestern Railroad which ran from Nashville to 

Johnsonville on the Tennessee River. In 1872, the Nashville 

and Chattanooga Railroad purchased this road and in the 

process changed its name to sound more prestigious to the 

Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railroad. 



1. "The Murfreesborough Celebration," The Nashville 

American 6 July 1851. 

2. Burt, Jesse C. Jr., "Four Decades of the Nashville, 

Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway, 1873-1916," 
Tennessee Historical Quarterly. 

3. "Seventy- five Years of Service," The Nashville Tennessean, 

24 January 1923. 

4. Prince, Richard E. "The Nashville, Chattanooga and St. 

Louise Railway," Wyoming: 1967. 

5. Hackworth, W. S. "Over a century of Railway Service 

N, C & St L," a paper delivered before the Round 
Table Club of Nashville, Tennessee, 26 March 1953. 

6. Clark, T. D. "The Development of the Nashville, and 

Chattanooga Railroad," Tennessee Historical Magazine. 

7. "More Goods by Express and Nashville and Charleston Line," 

Nashville Daily Union, 24 January 1848. 

8. "Events in the History of the N, C & St L Railway," 

The Nashville Banner, 24 January 1923. 

9. Thomson, John E. , "Report to the Commissioners of the 

Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad," February 1847. 

10. Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad Company, Annual 

Reports , Vol. 1-14, 1848-1861. 

11. Jones, Sarah, "Half a Mile of History - L & N Tunnel," 

Franklin County Historical Society. 

12. Hughes, Mary B. , "Hearthstones,", Tucker Place is 

Smyrna Landmark. 

13. Hoover, Walter K. , "A History of the Town of Smyrna, 

Tennessee, Nashville, Tennessee, 1968. 

14. Grant, James H. , "Collection of Letters and Papers," 

1866-1868, Courtesy of Mrs. J. G. Sugg. 

15. Hughes, Mary B. , "Hearthstones," Col. Grant, Easterner, 

Builder of Railroads. 

16. Sugg, Mrs. J. G. , Conversation with T. N. Johns, 

January 1975. 


17. DeBow, J. D. B. , "Legal History of Entire System of 

Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Railway and 
Possessions," Nashville, 1900. 

18. 1850 Census. 

19. Black, Robert C. , "The Railroads of the Confederacy," 

Chapel Hill, 1952. 

20. State Historical Marker, "First Steam Locomotive," 

Located at the corner of Hart St. and 4th Avenue South, 
Nashville, Tennessee. 

21. Warner, Paul T. , "The Locomotives of the Nashville, 

Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway," Baldwin Locomotives, 
VI (July, 1927). 

22. Hoover, Walter K. , Information from collection of rail- 

road material. 

23. Census of 1860. 

24. John W. Thomas, A Memorial, (Nashville, 1906). 

25. Abdill, George B. , "Civil War Railroads," New York. 

26. The Tennessee Historical Chronicle, Vol I, No. 2, 

"The First Train," January, 1975. 


For those interested in the History of Rutherford 
County, The Rutherford County Historical Society, Inc., is 
listing known Publications that are for sale. Many are in 
limited supply. First Come, First Served. 

"Historic Cane Ridge and it's 
Families" by 

Mrs. Lillian Brown Johnson 
109 Chestnut Street 
Smyrna, Tenn. 37167 

Postpaid $21.75. 

History of Smyrna by 
Walter K. Hoover 

103 Division 

Smyrna, Tenn. 37167 
Postpaid $30.00. 

History of Eagleville by 
Minnie Fairfield Dyer 

Route 1 

Eagleville, Tenn. 37060 
$3.00 plus 25<: Postage. 

Marriage Records 
Rutherford County, Tenn. 
By : DAR 

Miss Mary Hall 

821 E. Burton 

Murfreesboro, Tenn. 37130 
Postpaid $10.50. 

Marriage Records 

Rutherford County, Tenn. 


By : DAR 

Mrs. F. W. Brigance 
1202 Scotland Drive 
Murfreesboro, Tenn. 37130 

Postpaid $10.50. 

1878 Map of Rutherford County 

By. D. G. Beers Co. Showing 

Land Owners. 

Order from: 

Stones River Chapt. SAR 

Mr. William Walkup 

202 Ridley Street 

Smyrna, Tenn. 37167 

$3.00 plus 25<|: Postage. 

Rutherford Co. Tenn. 

Deed Abstracts 


Postpaid $10.00 

Order from 

Mrs. Dorothy M. Matheny 
1434 Diana Street 
Murfreesboro, Tenn. 


Following May be ordered 
from Rutherford County 
Historical Society. 
Mrs. Dorothy M. Matheny, Sec. 

1434 Diana Street 

Murfreesboro, Tenn. 37130 

Rutherford County, Tenn. 

1840 Census 

$5.00 plus 25* Postage. 

Publication No. 3 

Rutherford Co. Historical Soc. 

$3.00 plus 25<: postage. 

Publication No. 4 

Rutherford Co. Historical Soc. 

This includes 1810 Census and 

list of tax payers not in Census, 

$3.00 plus 25<: postage. 

Sorry Publications No. 1 Se 2 

are completely sold out. 

Membership in the Society costs 
$5.00 per year which includes 
copies of the two Publications 
per year, free to members. 

There is in progress and 
preparation for publishing the 
cemetery records of Rutherford 
County. This will be in three 
volumns. The Northeast third 
of the county should be out 
soon. An announcement will 
be made. 


Rutherford County 
Post Offices and Postmasters 

Henry G. Wray 

In English Colonies of America before 1639, such 
postal services that existed were supplied by private 
enterprise. Later, and up until 1774, each colony pro- 
vided for some type of postal service under the direction 
of the English crown. Benjamin Franklin, a prominent 
figure in the postal effort in colonial times, fell into 
disfavor with the British Government and was dismissed 
from the Deputy Postmaster Generalship. As a result of 
this and the subsequent revolution, the postal service 
was never connected to the British Government after 1774. 
After 1775 the colonies combined their postal efforts and 
the Continental Congress appointed Benjamin Franklin as 
Post Master General. A line of posts were set up from 
Maine to Savannah, Georgia, with needed cross stations. 
Rates and postage were made uniform. 

This service, not always being available in local 
or isolated areas, caused many letters to be dispatched 
without federal fees in those early days, as it was done 
by private carriers. 

In 1847 postage stamps were introduced but did not 
come into general use until 1855. With their use also 



came the use of envelopes. Prior to that, a folded note 
or legal paper, sealed with a wax and addressed on the 
outside, was carried in the pocket or saddlebag of a 
friend or traveler and usually arrived at its destination. 
From the General Services Administration I have been 
furnished some photostatic copies of records of early post 
offices. Also I have three rolls of microfilm to complete 
the information. Unfortunately, two rolls cannot be read. 
Rutherford County Post Offices, Postmasters, and dates 
that could be read are transcribed herewith: 







Ross Houston, Jan. 16, 1830; Granville L. 
Pierce, July 5, 1833; Lunsford P. Black, 
May 26, 1838; Granville S. Pierce, Oct. 25, 
1839; Discontinued Dec. 29, 1845. 

Vim. H. Haynes, Mar. 29, 1879; Wm. C. Wood, 
Nov. 25, 1881; David N. Fain, June 16, 
1882; Jack Puckett, June 23, 1884; Andrew 
J. Puckett, July 16, 1884; Vftn. C. Wood, 
Oct. 28, 1887; Pleasant S. McRae, Apr. 14, 
1890; William C. Wood, Apr. 13, 1899; 
Balte P. Ryan, May 28, 1900; John E. Wood, 
June 15, 1900; John W. Parham, Oct. 25, 
1900; Pleasant S. McRae, Feb. 6, 1904; 
Stephen S. Throneberry, Sept. 20, 1904. 
Discontinued Sept. 14, 1905. Mail to 
Mur f reesboro . 

Isaac Z. Brown, Oct. 24, 1891; Thomas B. 
Yeargan, Sept. 22, 1894; Discontinued 
June 30/ 1902. Mail to Mur f reesboro. 

(Late Hall's Hill) Beverly R. Bivins, 
Feb. 9, 1874. Discontinued Jan. 29, 1878. 

George W. Haynes, July 16, 1895; Frank M. 
Burton, Oct. 1, 1902. Discontinued July 31, 
1904. Mail to Murf reesboro. 

Isham J. Jordan, Apr. 3, 1884. Discontinued 
Jan. 23, 1885. Mail to Triune in William- 
son County. 








Wm. B. Downing, May 6, 1898. Discon- 
tinued Dec. 10, 1898. Mail to Eagleville. 

(Late in Davidson County) Jas. B. 
Buchanan, Jan. 26, 1837. Change to Mount 
View May 1, 1842. 

George W. Banton, Dec. 1, 1833. Change 
to Elm Hill Dec. 4, 1840. 

Andrew S. Dowd, July 20, 1854. Discon- 
tinued Jan. 18, 1855. 

Lewis Harrell, Feb. 9, 1848; Epenetus 
Carlock, Apr. 29, 1852; W. P. Jacobs, 
Feb. 1, 1866; Ephraim Jacobs, Mar. 15, 
1867. Discontinued Oct. 12, 1868. 

Robert Lowe, Nov. 20, 1876; John W. Hobson, 
Aug. 20, 1877; John T. Kelton, Nov. 11, 
1878; Newton F. Mankin, Nov. 13, 1879; 
Napoleon B. Mankin, Aug. 9, 18 81; William 
A. Kelton, Sept. 23, 1884; Walter McNabb, 
Feb. 9, 1888; Joel Brewer, Aug. 17, 1889; 
N. B. Mankin, Feb. 18, 1890; T. J. Owen, 
Jan. 25, 1894; Wm. M. Newman, Mar. 29, 
1895; Wiley N. Robinson, June 2, 1902. 
Discontinued Feb. 29, 1904. Mail to Christiana 

James Edwards, Sept. 12, 1900; George W. 
Lewis, July 26, 1902. Discontinued Jan. 30, 
1903. Mail to Smyrna. 

Thomas Robertson, Feb. 26, 1844; Discon- 
tinued Aug. 19, 1846; Reestablished July 8, 
1850. William H. Cayce, July 8, 1850; 
Wilson Y. Posey, Oct. 21, 1852; Amzi 
Bradshaw, Dec. 21, 1854. Discontinued 
Jan. 18, 1856. 

Charles W. Price, May 24, 1894; Thomas W. 
Naylor, July 6, 1897; William F. Clark, 
May 19, 1898j Ruby Naylor, Apr. 30, 1914; 
Bertha R. Barber, Jan. 16, 1922; Herbert 
D. Miller, May 1, 1922; Mrs. Henry Clark, 
Oct. 1, 1926; Henry H. Clark, Mar. 3, 1927; 
Mrs. Bessie J. Clark, Dec. 17, 1927, 
Retired July 1, 1932; Lynn C. Beechboard, 
Mar. 10, 1933; Mrs. Bessie J. Clark, May 9, 
1933; John M. O'Brien, Feb. 1, 1935; Mrs. 
Mattie Ida O'Brien, Aug. 15, 1937, Retired 
Mar. 31, 1963; Fred M. Wiggs, Mar. 31, 1963; 
Mary McGraw Marlin, Jan. 15, 1965. 










Petis R. Norman, Oct. 10, 1882; J. H. 

Cobb, Jan. 15, 1883; Sidney J. Cobb, 

Feb. 9, 1883; Discontinued Oct. 29, 1885. 

Mail to Murfreesboro. Reestablished 

May 15, 1888; John A. Hopper, May 15, 1888. 

Thomas E. Tilford, Sept 27, 1886; Wm. E. 
Tilford, Mar. 20, 1890; Joseph W. Dill, 
Nov. 1, 1892; Randolph A. Rushing, Feb. 6, 
1895; Discontinued Mar. 3, 1896. Mail to 
Murfreesboro. Reestablished Jan. 13, 1897. 
William J. Smith, Jan. 13, 1897; Robert 
W. Rucker, May 3, 1900; Samuel R. Rucher, 
Jan. 16, 1901. Discontinued Nov. 30, 
1904. Mail to Murfreesboro. 

Isaac S. Webb, July 29, 1881; Walter D. 
Harrison, Feb. 12, 1891; Charles H. North, 
Jan. 18, 1894; Walter D. Harrison, Feb. 9, 
1901; Discontinued May 31, 1902. Mail to 

Christopher Batey, July 16, 1842; Discon- 
tinued Feb. 3, 1845. Reestablished Aug. 19, 
1847. Jonathan J. Hall, Aug. 19, 1847; 
Discontinued Feb. 15, 1849. Reestablished 
July 12, 1852; William B. Wright, July 12, 
1852; Jas. Bowling, Nov. 24, 1852; Discon- 
tinued May 20, 1853. 

James D. Jacobs, Nov. 15, 1894; Charlie 
B. Marlin, May 21, 1895; Robert R. Lowe, 
Nov. 5, 1896; Thomas M. McCollough, Mar. 5, 
1901; Discontinued Mar. 15, 1904; Mail to 

Joseph W. Dill, Feb. 6, 1895; Discontinued 
May 31, 1904. Mail to Murfreesboro. 

James M. Dill, Feb. 20, 1887; Leighton J. 
Talbert, Sept. 21, 1893; Sylvester Willard, 
Nov. 22, 1901; Discontinued Jan. 17, 1906. 
Mail to Murfreesboro. 

Bartley S. Ring, May 15, 1876; B. A. King, 
Feb. 18, 1886; Bartley A. Ring, Feb. 26, 
1886; Smith J. Denton, Oct. 10, 1888; 
William D. 55mith, Apr. 6, 1893; Changed 
to Donnels Oct. 24, 1895. 



Joshua Youree, Oct. 24, 1895; Smith J. 
Denton, Nov. 25, 1896; Joseph T. Henegar , 
Dec. 24, 1897; Luther Hayes, Nov. 23, 
1898; James D. Carter, Oct. 12, 1900; 
Payton A. Carter, Apr. 9, 1902; James D. 
Carter, Nov. 16, 1903; Discontinued Dec. 31, 
1904; Mail to Murf reesboro. 


John G. Cason, Mar. 31, 18 94; John W. 
Dunaway, Jan. 6, 1898. Discontinued 
Oct. 11, 1899. Mail to Walter Hill. 

EAGLEVILLE: (Late in Williamson County) Robert S. 

Brown, Feb. 25, 1870; Robert E. Williams, 
June 16, 1885; James W. Brov.m, Mar. 27, 
1889; Robert S. Brown, Jan. 19, 1891; 
James C. Williams, Apr. 13, 1893; Robert 
S. Brown, Jr., May 20, 1897; John R. Moon, 
Oct. 12, 1909; James B. Dryden, Dec. 13, 
1911; Miss Alice P. Brov;n, Jan. 24, 1925; 
David H. Hughes, Dec. 16, 1925; Mrs. Alice 
B. Ralston, June 28, 1932; Walker Carlton, 
Nov. 1, 1934; Hollis K. Stephenson, Jan. 10, 
1936; Fred L. Abernathy, Fov. 1, 1947; 
Walter S. Smotherman, Jr., Apr. 1, 1948; 
Harry M. Patillo, Aug. 27, 1949. 

EDNA: Anderson Short, Oct. 27, 1887; Discontinued 

Nov. 30, 1888. 

ELM HILL: (Late "Banton's Ferry) John M. Williams, 
Dec. 4, 1840; James H. Charlton, Oct. 9, 
1848. In Davidson County. 

EVERGLADE: George W. Burns, July 7, 1886. Discontinued 
July 26, 1905. Mail to Eagleville. 

FLORATON: William D. Travis, Mar. 24, 1884; Wm. A. 

McKnight, Nov. 25, 1895; George A. McCrory, 
Aug. 10, 1897; Wm. D. Travis, May 7, 1898; 
Discontinued Sept. 22, 1905. Mail to 

FLORENCE STATION :Leonidas Russell, Mar. 26, 1867; Discon- 
tinued Sept. 25, 1867. Reestablished 
June 22, 1869. Samuel G. Hunt, June 22, 
1869; Chas. F. Vanderford, Aug. 27, 1872; 
Wm. H. Hindman, Sept. 4, 1891; Changed to 
Florence Oct. 11, 1894. 



Eugene S. Vanderford, Oct. 11, 1894; 
Josh Gore, Aug. 17, 1911; Nathaniel M. 
Lewis, Mar. 1, 1912; Wilburn E. Gibbons, 
Oct. 26, 1912; Robt. E. Murphey, Nov. 19, 
1914; Charles R. Vanderford, July 19, 
1921. Discontinued Jan. 15, 1937. Mail 
to Murfreesboro. 

FOSTERVILLE: (Late Middleton) Thomas Edwards, July 24, 
1837; Reappointed June 6, 1862; Andrew M. 
McElroy, July 8, 1865; Leander N. Edwards, 
May 21, 1881; Major Hugh Neely, July 10, 
1897; Alice Edwards, Feb. 27, 1904; Willie 
S. Newby, Sept. 3, 1913; Lillian D. Vaughn, 
Aug. 28, 1918; G. E. Kerr, Aug. 17, 1927; 
Mrs. Carrie B. Kerr, May 27, 1929; Miss 
Johnnie B. Williams, Oct. 14, 1936; Miss 
Mable E. Harris, July 7, 1939; name changed 
by marriage, Mrs. Mable E. Watkins, Jan. 1, 
1946; Miss Annie P. Chrisman, July 1, 1948. 

FRIENDSLEY: From Mechanicksville July 17, 183 9. Charles 
A. Friendsley, July 17, 1839; Joseph L. 
Payne, Nov. 4, 184 0. Changed to Mechanicks- 
ville June 22, 1841. 



H. S. Crichlow, Aug. 10, 184! 
April 30, 1849. 


Martin V. Jackson, June 30, 1892; Mary 
E. Jackson, Feb. 18, 1893; Wm. G. Wood, 
Jan. 18, 1894; George D. Smith, Oct. 21, 
1897; Benjamin E. Wooten, May 13, 1898; 
Allie Wood, Oct. 13, 1899; Owen W. Baugh, 
Nov. 20, 1900; Walter S. McNabb, Nov. 16, 
1903; Wm. F. Jernigan, July 1, 1905. Dis- 
continued Jan. 31, 1906. Mail to Murfrees- 

HALL'S HILL: John W. Hall, Mar. 7, 1850; Thompson J. 
Wright, Feb. 29, 18 56; David A. Vaughan, 
Nov. 3, 1857; Discontinued Jan. 25, 1860. 
Reestablished Mar. 1, 1860. John W. Hall, 
Mar. 1, 1860; Discontinued July 25, 1866. 
Reestablished May 27, 1868. Beverly R. 
Bivins, May 27, 1868; Ebenezer B. Fathera, 
Sept. 29, 1868; Changed to Beverly Feb. 9, 
1874. Reestablished Apr. 17, 1879. Joseph 
Jones, Apr. 17, 1879; Hugh Kerr, Feb. 28, 
1883; John Bowling, May 22, 1885; Thomas 
W. Arnett, Feb. 2, 1889; Hugh Kerr, Apr. 17, 
1890; Thomas E. Bell, Dec. 28, 1893; 
Thompson J. Wright, Jr., Dec. 14, 1896; 
Discontinued Nov. 26, 1904. Mail to 



Henry W. Purtle, Feb. 10, 1880; James M. 
Hoover, Apr. 27, 1880; James Sims, Auq. 3, 
1881; D. M. Crockell, Feb. 9, 1883; D. M. 
Crockett, Jr., Mar. 6, 1883; Charles T. L. 
Arbuckle, Mar. 4, 1886; Napoleon B. Mankin, 
Mar. 2, 1888; John M. Powell, Nov. 18, 1889; 
Mathias Hoover, Oct. 13, 1890; James M. 
Butner, Sept. 13, 1898; James A. Pearson, 
July 10, 1899; Alexander McMahan, May 23, 
1905. Discontinued Aug. 14, 1905. Mail to 

HUNTERSVILLE : Robert L. Hunt, Aug. 29, 1870; Discontinued 
June 10, 1872. 

INDEPENDENT HILL: James M. Layne, Aug. 2, 1854; Patrick H. 
House, Dec. 22, 1858; James M. Layne, 
Sept. 27, 1859; Discontinued Sept. 22, 
1866. Reestablished Feb. 27, 1872. 
John H. H. Thweatt, Feb. 7, 1872; Wm. N. 
McRae, Mar. 16, 1875; Discontinued July 23, 



John McGrigor, Oct. 3, 1827; Sion S. Read, 
Aug. 24, 1835; Jacob D. Donalson, Oct. 11, 
1839; John Jones, Mar. 30, 1843; Amos M. 
Bone, May 19, 1847; William L. Bone, Apr. 11, 
1849; John Jones, Mar. 19, 1850; Discontinued 
July 20, 1858. Reestablished Aug. 9, 1858. 
John Jones, Aug. 9, 18 58; James W. Waller, 
Dec. 7, 1866; Discontinued May 18, 1868. 
Reestablished June 19, 1871. John W. 
Baker, June 19, 1871; William E. Jones, 
Mar. 2, 1874; General J. Harris, Mar. 28, 
1881; James H. Preston, Mar. 10, 1884; 
Robert A. Jones, Nov. 18, 1884; Wm. S. 
Jones, Apr. 7, 1886; Ephraim Waller, Oct. 25, 
1888; Robert M. Clark, Mar. 15, 1890; Wm. R. 
Clark, June 19, 1891; Sallie B. Waller, 
Aug. 19, 1891; James E. Bragg, Aug. 7, 1897; 
James W. Summers, Jan. 5, 1898; George K. 
Robertson, Nov. 25, 1902. Discontinued 
June 29, 1907. Mail to Smyrna. 

Blount Jordan, Apr. 9, 1850; Pressly F. 
Batton, Aug. 22, 1851; Ezra Reed, May 30, 
1853; Freeman Sherbrooke, May 15, 1862; 
James H. Grant, Nov. 11, 1865; Elizabeth S. 
Grant, May 11, 1869; John A. Miller, Oct. 23, 
1871; Isaac J. Millet, Jan. 15, 1874; Robert 
S. Jamison, Sept. 3, 1874; W. H. Jameson, 
July 27, 1880; Robert D. Jameson, Mar. 25, 
1881; Alfred J. Brandon, Jan. 25, 1887; 
Charles W. Price, Feb. 18, 1890; Change to 
Jordan Valley Nov. 18, 1892. 








Charles W. Price, Nov. 18, 1892. Discon- 
tinued May 24, 18 94. Mail to Christiana. 

Louis D. Bowling, Feb. 8, 1884; Vftn. B. 
Jamison, June 29, 1897; Louis D. Bowling, 
Mar. 4, 1903. Discontinued June 15, 
1907. Mail to Murfreesboro. 

Daniel T. Sanders, Feb. 17, 1881; F. C. 
Foutch, Mar. 20, 1883, Thomas Foutch, 
Apr. 3, 1883; Robert J. Smith, Jan. 16, 
1888; James W. Patton, Dec. 13, 1889; 
Edward M. Weston, May 27, 1897; Wm. J. 
Kimbro, May 3, 1900; James W. Patton, 
Feb. 8, 1907; Discontinued July 15, 1907. 
Mail to Walter Hill. 

Valentine M. Sublett, July 17, 1832; 
Philip Osborne, Jan. 4, 1836; James Bivins, 
Oct. 17, 1837; Discontinued July 28, 
1842. Reestablished Sept. 2, 1844. Robert 
W. Martin, Sept. 2, 1844. Discontinued 
July 6, 1860. 

Jeptha G. Barlow, May 23, 1881; Thomas E. 
Bell, May 7, 1885; James W. Morton, Apr. 20, 
1893; Stephen Greer, Jr., Jan. 22, 1898; 
Charlie C. Martin, Jan. 30, 1899; Edgar C. 
Freas, Nov. 10, 1904; Alexander Bell, 
Feb. 16, 1906; Irving Martin, Mar. 28, 1906; 
Wm. 0. Baird, Apr. 30, 1914; John M. Pearcy, 
July 9, 1917; Retired June 30, 194 8; 
Mrs. Lena Martin, July 1, 1948. 

(Late "Mount View" in Davidson County) 
John F. Bailey, Aug. 23, 1852; Lemuel R. 
Mullins, May 19, 1853; John Hill, Jan. 6, 
1857; Jonathan Starkey, Mar. 26, 1857; 
Sam'l. R. Mullins, Dec. 9, 1857; William Y. 
Bishop, Oct. 19, 1858; Lemuel R. Mullins, 
Oct. 11, 1859; Andrew B. Payne, Apr. 7, 
1861; John Reicketts, Aug. 22, 1865; Charles C, 
McConnell, Oct. 12, 1865; Harvey H. Brumlock, 
Aug. 15, 1866; James D. Eskridge, May 18, 
1870; Geo. F. Charlton, Aug. 29, 1870; John R. 
Eskridge, June 1, 1874; Lee J. Underwood, 
Feb. 19, 1889; Nathaniel J. McAdams , June 23, 
1897; William N. Austin, Jan. 16, 1902; 
Nathaniel J. McAdams, Aug. 20, 1902; John F. 
Davis, Feb. 20, 1904; Jefferson D. Nelson, 
Feb. 15, 1908; Lipscomb Carter, Jan. 17, 
1909; Andrew W. Hutchison, Feb. 16, 1910; 
Clyde G. Purvis, Aug. 2, 1911; Harry L. Burt, 
July 8, 1914; Walter Burt, Dec. 8, 1915; Mrs. 
Pattie P. House, Sept. 17, 1917. Retired 
Aug. 31, 1950; Mrs. Dora P. Mitchell, Aug. 31, 
1950; Arthur C. Puckett, Jr., June 30, 1952. 




Vftn. J. Smith, Mar. 21, 1901; Discontinued 
May 14, 1904, Mail to Murfreesboro. 

Wm. H. H. Gentry, Apr. 15, 1870; Bascom 
Holden, Aug. 4, 1896; Charles H. Williams, 
June 17, 1899; John S. Westbrooks, Oct. 1, 
1900; Discontinued Dec. 31, 1905. Mail to 



Archibald F. Cathey, May 3, 1886; Joseph W. 
Dill, July 11, 1887; Joel Brewer, Mar. 13, 
1890; Discontinued July 9, 1890. Mail to 
Donnel ' s Chapel. Reestablished Feb. 20, 
1891. Hatton R. Adams, Feb. 20, 1891; 
Calvin D. Bush, June 5, 1901; Hatton R. 
Adams, May 7, 1903; Discontinued Feb. 9, 
1906. Mail to Readyville. 

Ephraim B. McLean, July 27, 1832. Change 
to Middleton then to Fosterville July 24, 




Henry C. David, Jan. 31, 1894; Thomas M. 
Fite, Aug. 3, 1896; J. W. Tribble, Nov. 5, 
1896; Wm. H. Baird, Jan. 4, 1897; W. M. 
Jones, Jan. 30, 1899; Alfred A. Loughry, 
Mar. 4, 1899; Willie R. David, Mar. 20, 1900; 
George W. Bowling, June 17, 1903; Discon- 
tinued Oct. 31, 1904. Mail to Lascassas. 

John B. Goodwin, July 11, 1894; Discontinued 
Apr. 29, 1895. Mail to Smyrna. 

Alexander V. Walker, Dec. 26, 1883; Jasper 
N. Holt, June 12, 1884; Discontinued 
Mar. 3, 1886. Mail to Eagleville. 


James E. Manson, Aug. 14, 1888 
tinued June 1, 18 95. 



William A. Wright, July 6, 1888; Wm. T. 
Hunter, Feb. 8, 1892; John S. Wright, 
Mar. 5, 1892; Alice A. Wright, Sept. 10, 
1896; Discontinued Feb. 29, 1904. Mail to 
Mt. Juliet. 

MECHANICKSVILLE: Alexander Smith, Apr. 4, 1834; Elihu C. 

Jobe, Feb. 1, 1838. Changed to Friendsley 
July 17, 1839. Changed back to Mechanicks- 
ville June 22, 1841. Joseph L. Payne, 
June 22, 1841; Discontinued Nov. 7, 1843. 


MIDDLETON: (Late McLeans Mills) Ephraim B. McLean, 

July 27, 1832; Change to Fosterville July 24, 
1837. Reestablished Aug. 20, 1853. C. J. 
McLean, Aug. 20, 1853; Robt. B. McLean, 
Sept. 21, 1853; Alney H. McLean, Apr. 22, 
1857; Disctoninued Sept. 22, 1866. 
Reestablished May 9, 1870. William W. 
McLean, May 9, 1870. Discontinued November 11, 




William D. Holden, Feb. 3, 1886; James M. 
Williams, Sept. 3, 1891. Discontinued 
June 10, 1907. Mail to Fosterville. 

(Late Stokely) Burwell G. White, Dec. 13, 
1836; John A. Gentry, Jan. 11, 1840; Discon- 
tinued Mar. 2, 184 2. Reestablished same day. 
Burrell G. White, Mar. 2, 1842; Stephen 
White, Nov. 28, 1845; Burrell G. White, 
Aug. 17, 1847; Discontinued Dec. 7, 1855. 
Reestablished Apr. 15, 1879. John H. White, 
Apr. 15, 1879; Thomas E. Smith, Jan. 4, 
1883; John H. White, May 8, 1883; Stonewall 
J. Mankin, Nov. 16, 1886; John H. White, 
May 3, 1888; Wm. G. Robinson, Mar. 13, 
1890; Wm. N. White, Jan. 2, 1891; John M. 
Powell, Apr. 6, 1893; Change to Millersburg 
Oct. 11, 1894. Wm. N. White, Oct. 11, 
1894. Discontinued June 15, 1900. Mail to 

Benjamin Morgan, Feb. 10, 1830; William 
Cosby, Feb. 4, 1839; Godfrey S. Newsom, 
Aug. 29, 1840; Henry W. Fagan, June 2, 1845; 
Martin W. Armstrong, Sept. 22, 1847; 
Alexr. D. Marshall, June 16, 1848; John E. 
Newman, May 18, 1850; Henry W. Fagan, 
Feb. 24, 1852; Franklin W. Rankin, Aug. 23, 
1855; John F. Hood, June 18, 1866; Discon- 
tinued Nov. 21, 1867. Reestablished May 7, 
1868. Wm. B. Byrn, May 7, 1868; James H. 
Cook, Oct. 14, 1870; John F. Hood, July 10, 
1872; Robert M. Goodloe, Jan. 19, 1875; 
John F. Dismukes, Sept 5, 1881; John R. 
Stroop, Mar. 22, 1882; William H. Herndon, 
Dec. 12, 1884; Thomas J. Duggin, Oct. 10, 
1888; John E. Grandstaff, May 12, 1893; 
Arthur Martin, June 14, 1897; Charlie E. 
Robinson, July 16, 1901; Susan A. Dill, 
Dec. 20, 1904; Dosier T. Denton, July 2, 
1907; William H. Hooper, Mar. 20, 1908; 
Mrs. Ruth G. Mathews, Oct. 1, 1937. Discon- 
tinued June 30, 1959. 




(Late Rushing) Briant E. Rushing, Mar. 18, 
1896. Discontinued Feb. 14, 1903. Mail to 
Walter Hill. 

(Late Buchanansville) Cahoon McFadden, 
Mar. 1, 1842. Davidson County. 

MURFREESBOROUGH: David Windell, Feb. 24, 1837; David B. 
Molloy, Dec. 3, 1838. 



Greenville T. Henderson, Dec. 2, 1840; 
David 0. Wendell, June 4, 1841; Greenville T. 
Henderson, Dec. 13, 1842; Ephraim B. McLean, 
May 30, 1851; Jefferson M. Leatherman, 
Oct. 18, 1853; Wm. Reuben Butler, Mar. 5, 
1855; Henry S. Pugh, Apr. 21, 1862; 
Discontinued July 30, 1862. Reestablished 
Dec. 10, 1863. William C. Burt, Dec. 10, 
1863; Reappointed Mar. 12, 1868. Geo. J. 
Booker, Apr. 3, 1871; John D. Wilson, 
Mar. 30, 1875; Reese K. Henderson, Oct. 19, 
1885; Frank White, Nov. 25, 1885; Joseph 
T. B. Wilson, Jan. 16, 1890; James H. 
Crichlow, Sept. 26, 1893; Robert S. Brown, 
Mar. 16, 1898; Zachary T. Cason, Apr. 21, 
1910; Gentry S. Smith, May 6, 1913; 
Margaret G. Elliott, June 10, 1913; Wm. 
Benjamin Bragg, Sept. 17, 1917; James R. 
Jetton, Mar. 18, 1919; Mary A. Brown, 
June 1, 1922; Rufus N. Vickers, Sept. 22, 
1922; James S. Braswell, Sept. 30, 1925; 
Beulah 0. Hughes, Dec. 31, 1929; Jesse C. 
Elrod, Dec. 26, 193 3; William F. Earthman, 
July 16, 1938; William N. Elrod, Apr. 1, 
1848; C. R. Byran, Apr. 30, 1950; Norman 
Fenn Hutchinson, Aug. 31, 1963. 

Mordecai Lillard, Feb. 10, 1880; Charles R. 

North, Jan. 31, 1881; James S. Miller, 

Dec. 23, 1885; Mordecai Lillard, July 28, 

1886; Charles R. North, Jan. 25, 1887; Azariah 

Kimbro, Feb. 29, 1888; Durant Beesley, 

Dec. 14, 1888; Charles R. North, Apr. 6, 

1893; Samuel T. Kelton, Apr. 13, 1899; 

John W. Hayens, Dec. 18, 1901; Wm. S. 

Smith, Apr. 30, 1914; James D. Smith, 

Dec. 18, 1915, Retired Sept. 7, 1932; 

Fred Hayes, Jr., Sept. 10, 1932; Herbert J. 

Holden, Aug. 25, 1934; Discontinued Nov. 30, 

1953. Mail to Murfreesboro. 







Thomas M. Patterson, Apr. 17, 1888; 
Geo. W. Haynes, Feb. 25, 1889; Win. F. 
Tomlinson, Feb. 6, 1895; Vftn. E. Marable, 
Jan. 17, 1898; Andrew F. Watson, Dec. 30, 
1901; Discontinued Sept. 30, 1905. Mail 
to Eagleville. 

Thomas Tucker, June 1, 1896. Discontinued 
Feb. 14, 1903. Mail to Smyrna. 

Frank L. Morton, Oct. 14, 1887; Wm. D. 
Sneed, Apr. 28, 1892; Rosa Morton, May 10, 
1893; W. E. Wood, Oct. 4, 1893; Discontinued 
Nov. 24, 1893. Mail to Carlocksville. 

Wm. A. Pitts, June 25, 1900. Discontinued 
Mar. 31, 1902. Mail to Compton. 

Pleasant F. Posey, Mar. 25, 1854. Discon- 
tinued July 11, 1854. 

Charles P. Gillespie, Jan. 18, 1894; 
William W. Puckett, Nov. 9, 1896. Discon- 
tinued Jan. 15, 1906. Mail to Eagleville. 

Charles Ready, Apr. 12, 1837; George 
Brandon, Apr. 16, 1840; Charles Ready, Sr. , 
June 5, 1841; Robert W. Brandon, Sept. 15, 
1845; Hampton Sullivan, Jan. 18, 1847; 
John H. Wood, Feb. 29, 1848; Hugh L. 
Thompson, July 28, 1851; John H. Wood, May 18, 
1852; Jesse R. Ferrill, June 27, 1854; James M. 
Dill, July 27, 1855; Thomas S. Peay, Jan. 18, 
1856; Jonathan W. Nichol, Dec. 22, 1857; 
Wm. R. Campbell, Nov. 11, 1865; Beverly R. 
Bivins, Sept. 25, 1866; Abel McBrown, 
Oct. 1, 1867; Bird B. Smith, June 7, 1872; 
Wm. F. Holmes, Jan. 26, 1876; Wm. F. Holmes, 
Aug. 11, 1904. Cannon County. 

Manos B. Carlton, Aug. 22, 1879; John N. 
Dykes, Aug. 9, 1881; Thomas F. Carlton, 
Mar. 13, 1891; Farnas M. Carlton, Nov. 13, 
1893; Lemuel R. Hutcherson, Oct. 20, 1906; 
Andrew Jackson, May 27, 1907; Thos. F. 
Carlton, Apr. 1, 1909; Cecil G. Bowling, 
Apr. 9, 1919, retired July 31, 1953; Mrs. 
Ruby L. Powers, July 31, 1953. 





Geo. F. {Chi?)dsey, Feb. 11, 1878; 
Discontinued July 29, 1879; Reestablished 
Jan. 2, 1884; Robert A. Coleman, Jan. 2, 
1884; Wtn. B. Coleman, July 18, 1891; 
Wm. E. Hodge, Feb. 14, 1900; Lee P. Neal, 
Apr. 1, 1901; John H. Coleman, Aug. 1, 
1905; Discontinued Aug. 15, 1908. Mail 
to Smyrna . 

W. R. Elder, July 3, 1882; J. T. Reynolds, 
Feb. 14, 1884; Wm. P. Prater, July 17, 
1884; Frank H. Kirk, Oct. 18, 1893; 
Isaac Z. Brown, Jan. 17, 18 98; William 
Parker, July 6, 1899; Charles C. Brandon, 
July 11, 1899; James M. Smith, Sept. 8, 
1899; William Parker, Aug. 6, 1900; John E. 
McAdams, June 10, 1901; Edward B. Spain, 
Sept. 20, 1904; Robert H. Harrison, Feb. 7, 
1906; James B. Allen, Dec. 21, 1909; 
James H. Wright, Feb. 27, 1911; David F. 
Elam, Jr., Dec. 13, 1911; Samuel W. Kerr, 
Nov. 26, 1913; Robt. L. Reynolds, Feb. 2, 
1917; John Marvin Young, Apr. 1, 1940; 
Discontinued Dec. 31, 1944. Mail to 
Mur f reesboro . 

Briant E. Rushing, Feb. 7, 1896. Changed 
to Mona Mar. 18, 1896. 

SALEM CROSS ROADS: Benjamin Johnson, Feb. 17, 1837; 
Discontinued Oct. 28, 1840. 



John B. Lukensf Jan. 10, 1866. Discon- 
tinued Dec. 20, 1866. 

John G. Bowling, Feb. 2, 1889; George W. 
Bowling, Nov. 1, 1895; N. H. Brown, Jan. 28, 
1903. Discontinued Dec. 31, 1904. Mail 
to Murf reesboro. 

SHORT CREEK: Samuel H. Thomas, Dec. 29, 1899; Thomas B. 
Arnold, May 3, 1900; Reuben G. Kelton, 
Nov. 12, 1902. Discontinued Feb. 28, 1903. 
Mail to Christiana. 

SHORTS: Wilson P. Henderson, May 5, 1890; Discon- 

tinued Apr. 9, 1891. Mail to Walter Hill. 

SILVERHILL: Johnnie H. McPeak, May 12, 1894; James A. 
Todd, May 13, 1898; Discontinued Feb. 14, 
1903. Mail to Walter Hill. 






(Late Stewartsboro) Ferguson Fleming, 
Sept. 30, 1851; Changed back to Stewarts- 
boro Dec. 22, 1851; Back to Smyrna Sept. 20, 
1852. Ferguson Fleming, Sept. 20, 1852; 
James H. Simmons, June 27, 1854; Richard H. 
Dudley, Oct. 4, 1859; John C. Kennedy, 
June 16, 1865; Jeremiah M. Br\ambach, 
July 20, 1866; Joseph R. Dillin, Aug. 9, 
1867; James S. Elder, Nov. 11, 1869; Geo. W. 
Hight, Jan. 19, 1870; Samuel E. Hager, 
May 26, 1871; Richard H. Dudley, July 10, 
1872; Flavions J. Sanders, Mar. 3, 1874; 
William B. Jarratt, Feb. 7, 1877; James J. 
Dillin, Apr. 3, 1889; Joseph W. Davis, Jr., 
Oct. 26, 1893; Wilson Y. Posey, Sept. 14, 
1897; Hugh H. Guill, May 12, 1914; James M. 
Gresham, Jan. 11, 1919; Gilbert Marshall, 
Oct. 1, 1923; James M. Gresham, May 20, 
1924; Chloe A. Gibbons, July 1, 1928; 
Marguerite A. Coleman, Oct. 31, 1928; 
Mrs. Nell E. Coleman, Feb. 15, 1934; Retired 
July 31, 1953; Sara H. Stallings, July 31, 
1953; Retired July 31, 1957; Johnnie V. 
Braswell, July 31, 1957, Retired Oct. 22, 
1965; John G. Mitchell, Oct. 22, 1965. 

Gus H. Coleman, June 7, 1886; Isaiah M. Floyd, 
Dec. 20, 1888; Luther C. Overall, Mar. 31, 
1890; Isaiah M. Floyd, Apr. 6, 1893; 
John C. Read, June 17, 1903; Wm. E. Marable, 
Aug. 2, 1905; Discontinued Oct. 14, 1905. 
Mail to Murfreesboro. 

Thomas Batte, Jr., July 1, 1836; Silas 
Tucker, Apr. 20, 1837; Changed to Smyrna 
Sept. 30, 1851; Changed back from Smyrna 
Dec. 22, 1851; Silas Tucker, Dec. 22, 
1851; Discontinued Oct. 19, 1852. 

Burwell G. White, June 3, 1830; Changed to 
Millersburgh Dec. 13, 1836. 

Benjamin F. Williams, Apr. 14, 1891. Discon- 
tinued Jan. 6, 1892. Mail to Versailles. 

James F. Carlton, Aug. 26, 1890. Discon- 
tinued Oct. 1, 1892. Mail to Crescent. 

Joseph A. Boehms, Feb. 26, 1846; John D. 
Vaughn, Dec. 20, 1849; Discontinued May 11, 


VERSAILLES: (Late in Williamson County) Marquis L. 

Covington, Apr. 27, 1840; James C. Hopkins, 
Oct. 2, 1846; Sam'l. M. Hopkins, May 1, 
1851; Willis S. Ranson, May 24, 1854; William W. 
Arnold, May 29, 1866; John W. Parsley, Dec. 11, 
1866; John W. Westbrook, Oct. 7, 1869; 
John W. Nance, Mar. 25, 1874; Benjamin F. 
Nance, Aug. 4, 1896; Discontinued Sept. 15, 
1906. Mail to Eagleville. 

WALTER HILL: William H. Tilford, Feb. 1, 1860. Discon- 
tinued June 20, 1867; Reestablished Aug. 2, 
1867; Lee I. Pierce, Aug. 2, 1867; Thomas J. 
Black, Jr., Dec. 9, 1872; Samuel B. Black, 
June 1, 1874; John D. Hunt, Mar. 17, 1875; 
Discontinued Dec. 1, 1875; Reestablished 
Sept. 12, 1876; Samuel T. Black, Sept. 12, 
1876; Joseph D. Neilson, Nov. 3, 1879; 
Jas. M. Lewis, Feb. 24, 1886; Changed to 
Walterhill, Aug. 14, 1895; Ben j . B. 
Searcy, Aug. 14, 1895; Grover C. Matthews, 
Mar. 11, 1908; Deceased Aug. 16, 1940; 
Watt W. Holloway, Jr., Aug. 29, 1940; 
Military Leave; Epps E. Matthews, Sept. 13, 
1941; Mrs. Mamye F. Arnold, Feb. 15, 1944; 
Howard G. Eades May 1, 1947; Mrs. Minnie L. 
Adams, Aug. 6, 1947; Mrs. Leona S. Duffy, 
Jan. 1, 1948, Retired Oct. 31, 1967; Discon- 
tinued Oct. 31, 1967. Mail to Murfreesboro. 

WAYSIDE: W. K. Elder, Jan. 2, 1880; Jno. W. Cobb, 
May 1, 1882; Wm. K. Elder, Feb. 20, 1883; 
Charles A. Hall, July 18, 1884; John O'Brien, 
June 29, 1885; John W. Kirk, Apr. 24, 1886; 
Samuel N. Burger, Jan. 12, 1887; Frank H. 
Kirk, Apr. 14, 1888; Thomas C. North, 
Jan. 12, 1891; Discontinued Aug. 31, 1903. 
Mail to Christiana. 

WILKINSON'S CROSS ROADS: Hubbard L. Wilkinson, Jan. 19, 

1833; Fred E. Becton, Sept. 21, 1836; Alfred 
Blackman, Jan. 20, 1838; Benjamin W. Avent, 
Mar. 17, 1838; George W. House, Dec. 14, 
1839; Discontinued Feb. 22, 1840. 


George C. Marable , Sept. 10, 1901; James M. 
Cobler, June 16, 1904. Discontinued 
June 15, 1907. Mail to Overall. 


NOTE: This manuscript is copied from "Some Rutherford 

County, Tennessee CEMETERY RECORDS" published 1971 
by Jill K. Garrett & Iris H. McClain. Used with 
permission of the Authors and Publishers. It is 
edited by Henry G. Wray, Rutherford County Archivist. 

(Manuscript found in papers of Caroline K. Burrus.) 

The Rutherford Rifles (Company I, 1st Tennessee Infantry) 
was organized in Rutherford County with William Ledbetter, Jr., 
as captain. They spent one week in daily drills in and about 
Murfreesboro. On May 2, 1861, they met on Depot Hill to 
leave for Nashville, where they arrived at 11 a.m. They 
marched around the square in Nashville to the tune of "Annie 
Laurie." They were mustered into Confederate service on 
August 1, 1861. The outfit fought at Shiloh, Murfreesboro, 
Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, the Atlanta campaign, and in 
Hood's invasion of Tennessee. 

Alfred Horsley of Columbia, Tennessee, wrote of the 
Rutherford Rifles: "The Butlers of our regiment were fine 
soldiers. Jack, captain of the Railroad company, and Joe, 
his brother, lieutenant, refined and handsome as a woman, 
but brave as Caesar, literally shot to pieces at Perryville, 
Dock of the Rutherford Rifles, in stature like a Roman 
gladiator, shot at Missionary Ridge. For years we had seen 



his grand Apollo-like form in the front of the Rutherford 
Rifles, rendered more majestic by comparison with the 
diminutive form of captain "Doc" Ledbetter. No matter how 
dark the night or how long the march, when the "imminent peri- 
lous edge of battle" was in sight, the Rutherford Rifles 
always had a long battle line and "Doc" Ledbetter was at the 
head. I often recall him and his company, as they appeared 
before battle. I think you will concur with me in saying 
the Rutherford Rifles was the best company in the 1st 
Tennessee Regiment. Sam Davis who died at Pulaski rather 
than betray a confidence was a member of the Rutherford 
Rifles... If all the men in the Southern army had been like 
the Rutherford Rifles, we could have camped on the shores 
of Lake Erie instead of the Chattahoochie. My memory is a 
picture gallery in which is seen this splendid company of 
men at the moment of battle — all others looking like skeletons, 
but the Rutherford company of men, a long line of tall, 
majestic men. Caesar would have placed them in his "Tenth 
Legion" or Napoleon in his "Old Guard." The Ransoms, the 
Wades, the Kings, the Bezles (Beazles) , the Jarrats were 
all grand men, but like Saul, "Doc" Ledbetter rose proudly 
preeminent above them all, and poor Hardy Murfree, the best 
of men, his memory is worthy to be honored with the tears 
of all good and brace men. All honor to Rutherford County." 
List of Members ; 

1. Capt. Wm. Ledbetter, elected captain at organization in 
1861; re-elected at re-organization in 1862; wounded at 
Atlanta, at Franklin, and was captured and imprisoned; 
made his escape and surrendered in 1865. 


2. 1st Lieut. Hardy Murfree; elected 1st lieut. at 
organization in April 1861; re-elected at the re-organi- 
zation in 186 2; wounded and disabled at Adairsville on 
May 17, 1864; surrendered in 1865. 

3. 2nd Lieut. R. F. James; elected 2nd lieut. at organi- 
zation in April 1861; volunteered after the re-organization 
in 1862 as staff officer and killed at the Battle of 
Murfreesboro 1862. 

4. 3rd Lieut. C. H. King, elected 3rd lieut. at organization 
in April 1861; volunteered as a private in same company 
at re-organization in 1862; wounded at Perryville, Ky. , 
detailed in 1863 in Signal Corps Service; surrendered in 
North Carolina 1865. 

5. Ord. Sergt. A. Loeb, elected O. S. at organization in 

6. Anderson, B. F. , enlisted April 1861, surrendered with 
command in N. C. 1865. 

7. Anderson, E. W. , enlisted April 1861; appointed Corporal, 
went to cavalry in 1864; died since surrender. 

8. Anderson, J. L. , wounded at Adairsville, Ga. , 1864. 

9. Avent, B. W. , Jr., enlisted April 1861; detailed on 
special duty in medical department. 

10. Bass, A. J., enlisted April 1861; killed at Shiloh in 

11. Batey, B. B. , enlisted April 1861; appointed 0. S. in 
1862, wounded at Marietta, Ga. , 1864; surrendered with 
command in N. C. 1865. 

12. Batey, J. B. , enlisted April 1861; captured in 1862, and 
remained a prisoner. 

13. Batey, W. O. , went to cavalry in 1863. 

14. Becton, J. W. , enlisted April 1861; appointed sergeant, 
discharged in 1863; captured and died in prison in 1865. 

15. Beesley, Jas., M. , wounded near Marietta, Ga. , 1864; 
surrendered with command in North Carolina in 1865. 

16. Beesley, John, enlisted April 1861; appointed corporal; 
wounded at Murfreesboro 1862; detailed on special duty. 

17. Beesley, N. W. , enlisted April 1861, wounded at Murfrees- 
boro and disabled; afterwards discharged and died since 


18. Beesley, T. J., enlisted April 1861; wounded at Adairsville, 
Ga. , surrendered with command in North Carolina 1865. 

19. Beesley, Wm. enlisted April 1861; wounded at Chickamauga, 
Ga., Adair sville, Ga., and Franklin, Tenn. ; surrendered 
with command in N. C. 1865. 

20. Blair, A. H. , enlisted April 1861; sutler. 

21. Blair, J. L. W. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Perry- 
ville, Ky. , captured and remained a prisoner. 

22. Beachboard, Wm. , died 1868. 

23. Baird, John L. , enlisted April 1861, appointed Surgeon, 
transferred to medical department and died during the war. 

24. Bock, Adam, enlisted April 1861; detached on special duty. 

25. Boring, T. M. , enlisted April 1861, killed at Perryville, 

26. Brooks, C. C. , enlisted April 1861, wounded and disabled 
at Perryville, and discharged. 

27. Brothers, A. W. , transferred from 7th Tennessee 1861; 
captured in 1863 and remained a prisoner. 

28. Burrows, T. W. , wounded and disabled at Adairsville, Ga. 

29. Butler, I. W. , enlisted April 1861; mortally wounded and 
died at Missionary Ridge, Ga. , 1863. 

30. Carney, L. V., enlisted April 1861, discharged in Virginia 
in fall of 1861. 

31. Gates, Joe D. , enlisted April 1861; killed at Perryville, 

32. Clark, Geo. W. , enlisted April 1861; killed at Perryville, 

33. Clay, D. D. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Perryville, 
Ky.; lost an arm at Lovejoy, Ga., afterwards discharged. 

34. Collier, F. W. , enlisted April 1861; captured in 1864 
and remained a prisoner, died 24 April 1880. 

35. Cooper, T. C. , furnished Thos. Kinney as a substitute in 

36. Crass, F. H. , enlisted April 1861, detached on special 


37. Crichlow, Sam, enlisted April 1861; wounded at Cheat 
Mountain in 1861; discharged and died after surrender. 

38. Crockett, T. 0., enlisted April 1861; killed at Missionary 
Ridge 1863. 

39. Davis, Samuel, enlisted April 1861; detailed as special 
scout 1863; captured and executed by hanging at Pulaski, 
Tenn. , by the enemy 25 Nov. 1863. 

40. Davis, Sonnie, enlisted April 1861; died in Virginia 1861. 

41. Dickson, L. M. , enlisted April 1861; died at Corinth, 
Miss., 1862. 

42. Dudley, R. H. (B. H.?), enlisted April 1861; went to 
cavalry 1864. 

43. Drumright, W. B. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at 
Murfreesboro 1862; went to cavalry. 

44. Edwards, A. M. , enlisted April 1861; went to cavalry. 

45. Ewing, Joseph W. , detached on special duty. 

46. Farris, W. , enlisted April 1861, discharged in 1861. 

47. Featherston, W. E. , wounded near Marietta, Ga. , captured 
in 1865 and remained a prisoner. 

48. Fletcher, James H. , transferred from 8th Tenn., went to 
cavalry 1865. 

49. Fletcher, Jas. S. , enlisted April 1861, appointed surgeon 
and transferred to medical department; killed since the 

50. Grigg, Joe H. , enlisted April 1861; discharged at Corinth 
in 1862. 

51. Hall, Josephus, enlisted April 1861; detailed on special 
duty; taken prisoner; died since surrender. 

52. Halliburton, B. F. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at 
Cheat Mountain, Va. ; went to cavalry 1864; died since the 

53. Haynes, C. G. , enlisted April 1861, died at Winchester, 
Va., 1861. 

54. Haynes, J. E. W. , enlisted April 1861; appointed 
corporal, wounded at Perryville; killed at Missionary 
Ridge 1863. 


55. Hicks, Wm. H. , enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
artillery; died since surrender. 

56. Higdon, J. A., enlisted April 1861; wounded near 
Marietta, Ga.; afterwards detailed on special duty. 

57. Henry, J. (?) , enlisted April 1861; appointed 

sergeant; went on to cavalry in 1864. 

58. Hirshberg, Simon, enlisted April 1861; appointed cor- 
poral; detailed musician. 

59. Hodge, S. H. , enlisted April 1861; detached as special 
scout 1863; captured and kept in prison until the 

60. Howse, L. H. , enlisted April 1861; discharged and re- 
enlisted in 1862; detached as special scout and 
surrendered in 186 5. 

61. Holloway, Daniel, enlisted April 1861; discharged at 
Camp Cheatham in 1861. 

62. Hollowell, S. S., enlisted April 1861; discharged and 
re-enlisted 1862; wounded at Atlanta in 1865; died since 

63. James, Allen, enlisted April 1861; went to cavalry in 

64. Jackson, J. W. , enlisted April 1861; captured in 1863, 
and remained a prisoner. 

65. Jamison, M. C. , enlisted April 1861; appointed sergeant; 
killed at the battle of Perryville. 

66. Jarratt, J. T. , enlisted April 1861; appointed 0. S. 
in 1862; killed at Perryville, Ky. 

67. Jetton, J. W. , enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
Gen. Cleburne's staff; died since the surrender. 

68. Jetton, Brevard, enlisted April 1861; discharged 1862; 
since the surrender has died. 

69. Jenkins, J. P., enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
11th Tenn. Cavalry 1862. 

70. Johnson, G. W. , enlisted April 1861; appointed corporal; 
killed at Missionary Ridge 1863. 

71. Jones, Robt. G. , enlisted April 1861; surrendered with 
command in N. C. in 1865; died since the surrender. 


72. Jones, John, substituted by Pat Lishley 1863, killed 
at Missionary Ridge 1863. 

73. Keeble, James M. , enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
Gen. Geo. Maney's staff. 

74. Kerr, J. M. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Perryville; 
went to cavalry. 

75. King, John D. , enlisted April 1861; captured at Cheat 
Mountain 1861, exchanged in 1862, and transferred 

to medical department. 

76. King, J. M. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Chickamauga; 
surrendered with command in N. C. in 1865. 

77. King, T. M. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Adairsville, 
Ga.; surrendered in N. C. in 1865. 

78. Kinney, Thos., substituted by T. C. Cooper 1863; killed 
near Morgan's Mill in Rutherford County in 1863. 

79. Lawrence, J. C. , enlisted April 1861; captured in 1864 
and remained a prisoner. 

80. Ledbetter, N. C. , enlisted April 1861; went to cavalry; 
died since the surrender. 

81. Leiper, Sam C. , enlisted April 1861; went to cavalry 
in 1864. 

82. Leiper, Wm. F. , enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
4th Tenn. Inf. 

83. Levy, Henry, wounded and disabled at Resaca, Ga. 

84. Lillard, M. , enlisted April 1861; discharged in 1862. 

85. Love, J. R. , enlisted April 1861; furnished a substitute 
(Pat McMann) in 1863. 

86. Lishley, Pat, transferred from artillery 1863; furnished 
a substitute (John Jones) in 1863, and joined 1st Tenn. 

87. Loeb, Maurice, musician. 

88. Mayberry, W. G. , enlisted April 1861; discharged in 1862, 
died since the war. 

89. McLean, A. V., enlisted April 1861, went to cavalry 1864. 


90. McLean, C. L. , enlisted April 1861, went to cavalry 1864. 

91. McFarlin, Marion P. , detached on special duty; captured 
in 1863 and remained a prisoner. 

92. McMann, Pat, substitute for J. R. Love 1863; wounded and 
died at Chickamauga. 

93. Miller, Charles, enlisted April 1861; appointed sergeant 
1862; went to cavalry in 1865. 

94. Mancy, D. D. , transferred from commissary department. 

95. Mitchell, Wm. , enlisted April 1861; transferred to 4th 
Tenn. Infantry. 

96. Moore, Wm. , enlisted April 1861; discharged in Virginia 
1861; died since the war. 

97. Morton, James, transferred from 8th Tenn. Inf. in 1861; 
captured in 1865; remained a prisoner; died since the 

98. Mosbey, Jas. C. , enlisted April 1861; captured 1863 
and remained a prisoner. 

99. Murfree, Hal, enlisted April 1861; discharged in Virginia 
in 1861. 

100. Murfree, J. B. , enlisted April 1861; promoted to surgeon 
and transferred to Medical Department in 1861. 

101. Neal, Fount E. , enlisted April 1861; wounded Cheat 
Mountain; appointed sergeant; killed at Atlanta July 22, 

102. Neal, John, enlisted April 1861; discharged 1861. 

103. Nance, I. W. , enlisted April 1861; went to cavalry 1863. 

104. North, J. M. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Missionary 
Ridge 1863; went to cavalry in 1865. 

105. North, W. L. , enlisted April 1861; killed at Franklin, 
Tenn., 1864. 

106. Oden, Thos. M. , captured 1865 and remained a prisoner. 

107. Pierce, E. L. , enlisted April 1861; wounded and died 
at Perryville, Ky. , in 1862. 

108. Poindexter, J. R. , enlisted April 1861, captured 1863 
and remained a prisoner. 


109. Phillips, J. L. , wounded at Marietta, Ga. , 1863; went 
to cavalry 1865. 

110. Pritchett, Ed, enlisted April 1862; detailed musician. 

111. Ransom, A. R. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Perry- 
ville, Ky. , and Adairsville, Ga., and discharged; died 
since the war. 

112. Ransom, H. R. , enlisted April 1861; elected 3d lieut. 
1862 at re-organization; wounded at Perryville, Ky. , 
1862; wounded and died at Adairsville, Ga. , 1864. 

113. Ransom, S. H. , enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
quartermaster's department in 1861; rejoined the 
company in 1862; killed at Perryville, Ky. , 1862. 

114. Ransom, Wm. , enlisted April 1861; died at Warm Springs, 
Va., 1861. 

115. Rucker, Robt. , enlisted April 1861; discharged 1861; died 
since the war. 

116. Rutledge, Pleasant, surrendered with command in N. C. 
in 1865. 

117. Searcy, Wm. , enlisted April 1861; killed at Perryville, 
Ky., 1862. 

118. Seward, Z. T. , enlisted April 1861; killed at Perryville, 
Ky., 1862. 

119. Shelton, W. D. , enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
cavalry 1863. 

120. Sims, E. B. , enlisted April 1861; discharged 1862. 

121. Sims, N. H. , enlisted April 1861, transferred to 

122. Smith, John D. , enlisted April 1861; died at Warm 
Springs, Va. , 1861. 

123. Smith, L. J., enlisted April 1861; captured in 1864 
and remained a prisoner. 

124. Smith, L. H. , enlisted April 1861; killed at Perryville. 

125. Smith, J. Battle, enlisted April 1861; died at Edra , Va. , 

126. Smith, W. B. , enlisted April 1861; died at Edra, Va. , 


127. Smith, John, wounded at Chickamauga , afterwards died 
in 1863. 

128. Snell, J. T. , enlisted April 1861, appointed sergeant 
in 1862; wounded at Perryville, Ky. , and Franklin, 
Tenn. ; went to cavalry in 1865. 

129. Snell, T. A., enlisted April 1861; appointed 2d 
Sergeant in 1861; wounded at Murfreesboro in 1862; 
elected 3d lieut. in 1864; and surrendered with command 
in N. C. in 1865. 

130. Snell, F. M. , killed at Murfreesboro in 1862. 

131. Sudberry, Henry, went to artillery in 1864; died since 

132. Sublett, D. D. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Shiloh; 
captured in 1864; remained a prisoner; committed suicide 
since surrender. 

133. Tucker, E. R. , enlisted April 1861, discharged 1861. 

134. Tignor, , enlisted April 1861; detached on special 

duty 1861. 

135. Traylor, J. W. , enlisted April 1861; died Tupelo, 
Miss., 1862. 

136. Tucker, J. T. , enlisted April 1861; detailed as hospital 
steward 1862. 

137. Turner, E. L. , enlisted April 1861; wounded at Perry- 
ville, Ky., and Lavergne, Tenn., went to cavalry 1864. 

138. Turner, R. J., enlisted April 1861; promoted to assistant 
surgeon and transferred to Medical Department in 1861. 

139. Vaughan, E. R. , enlisted April 1861; went to cavalry 
in 1865. 

140. Vaughan, J. F. , detailed as special scout in 1863. 

141. Watts, Wm. , enlisted April 1861, wounded at Cheat 
Mountain and discharged. 

142. Wade, T. J., enlisted April 1861; wounded at Peachtree 
Creek, Ga. , and Franklin, Tenn., captured and remained 
a prisoner. 

143. Walter, George, enlisted April 1861; detailed as a a 


144. White, J. H. , enlisted April 1861; died at Shelbyville, 
Tenn. , 1863. 

145. Wilkinson, George H. , enlisted April 1861; elected 
2d lieut. at re-organization in 1862; wounded and 
disabled at Atlanta, Ga. , 22 July 1864. 

146. Wilkinson, W. A., wounded at Marietta, Ga., wounded and 
disabled at Franklin, Tenn., 1864. 

147. Wilson, G. B. , died at Shelbyville in 1863. 

148. Wilson, T. H. , discharged in 1863. 

149. Wheeling, C, enlisted April 1861; captured at Cheat 
Mountain, 1861; exchanged 1862; detached on special 
duty in quartermaster department. 

150. Wright, John, enlisted April 1861; transferred to 
ordinance department in 1861. 

(List compiled in 1880 by T. M. King, B. B. Batey, and T. A. 


Hardeman's Mill - This replica was reproduced by Walter 
King Hoover from random descriptions of the mill house. 
It is positioned at the exact original site. Inset shows 
the Constant Hardeman grave marker. Abandoned Hardeman 
cemetery lies on Stewart's (Stuart's) Creek near the 
southeast limits of Smyrna, Tennessee. 

Gregory Mills - A sales transaction form of Hardeman Mill's 


Walter K. Hoover - 1974 

An abandoned cemetery with a few legible grave markers, 
a mill house foundation, and a large stone mill dam are all 
that remain of a once important family, and a prosperous 
business. The mill is located on Stuarts Creek at the 
southeast city limits of Smyrna, Tennessee, and was earlier 
known as the Hardeman's Mill, later Black's Mill, and still 
later as Gregory's Mill. 

This area today is owned by the Percy Priest Lake 
Recreation Department and is maintained as a public picnic 
area accessible by paved streets and a parking area. It is 
a lovely spot where one could relax, examine the old dam and 
water race, contemplate the efforts, hopes and successes of 
the many citizens and slaves who passed this way in years 
gone by. Perhaps you could better approach your tomorrows 
if you could for a few hours sit in the cool damp shade of 
this historic site and contemplate the rushing waters that 
eternally hasten by. My father took me there when I was a 
boy, and I have returned often. 

Constantine (1) Hardeman (2) was born January 3, 1778, 
in North Carolina, and died August 27, 1850, at his home 

(1) I find Hardeman, Hardiman, Hardaman. 

(2) I find Constentine, Constantine, Constant, Constance 
and various spellings. 


adjacent to this site (see map) . Constant was the fifth 
child of Thomas Hardeman and Mary Perkins. He married Sarah 
Marr in 1799. Sarah died in 1823 leaving twelve children: 
Thomas, John Marr, George W. , Constant Hardin, Lent, Susan 
Perkins, Agatha Ann, William Miller, Mary B. , Sarah E., 
Matilda, and Cornelia. To a second marriage between 1827 - 
1829 to Mary (no last name) born 1778, died Feb. 22, 1859, 
there was one daughter, Levinia, born 1830, died 1848. Con- 
stentine, his second wife Mary, and Levinia are buried in 
the family plot east of the mill site across the creek and 
above the bluff on the property now owned by J. L. Ross. 

Evidently most of these children went on westward to 
Texas, Arkansas, etc. 

Not finding any early Hardeman land records in Ruther- 
ford County, because there was no Rutherford County at that 
time, I go to Davidson County Archives and find several land 
records of Thomas Hardeman. I find an indenture dated 
August 25, 1800, showing that Constant bought from his father, 
Thomas, for two thousand pounds (English money) , three hundred 
acres and six hundred acres, both described in the same 
indenture, in what was then Davidson County, Tennessee, on 
the waters of Stuarts Creek. 

This land was part of a twelve hundred acre grant to 
Mose Shelby, a North Carolina grant before Tennessee was 

The Town of Jefferson was by 1800 an organized community, 
and Constant no doubt came in through that community. 


Constant, a citizen of some prominence and a resident of 
Davidson County, in the year 1803 at age twenty-five years, 
did in his own handwriting, draw up the petition which 
requested the Legislature to create Rutherford County. This 
new county was to be drawn from parts of Davidson and William- 
son Counties. Many of the residents of this area are evidenced 
by the two hundred and fifty six signatures on the petition, 
Hardeman being the first to sign. Thus Rutherford County 
began, by Act of the Tennessee General Assembly, October 25, 

There were one thousand one hundred and forty-one heads 
of families in the new county as indicated by the 1810 census. 
These were mostly scattered along the Stuarts Creak area (1) 
and the Stone's River area centered around Jefferson and 
Stuartsboro, there being no Murfreesboro at this time. (2) 

I cannot determine any exact date when Mr. Hardeman 
built his mill or his home, but rather suspect that by 1820 
the mill was in operation and his permanent home was built. 
I find many documents of land sales and purchases, division 
of large land holdings to new settlers and children; many 
slave purchases and sales; of lots that Hardeman bought in 
the Town of Jefferson; and of the railroad coming through 
his property in 1850. 

(1) Stewarts Creek - Early maps and documents show Stuarts 
Creek rather than Stewarts. I cannot determine why it 
was named either. 

(2) See Publication No. 3, Rutherford County History Society, 


Census records show in the Hardeman household: 

1810 - 3 males under ten years; 1 male 26-45 years (himself) 

2 females under ten years; 1 female 26-45 (wife) 
seven slaves 

1820 - 2 males under ten years; 2 males 10-15; 1 male 

3 females under ten years; 2 females 10-15 years 

1 female 26-45 
12 slaves 

1840 - 1 male 50-60; 1 male 60-70; 1 female 10-15 

2 females 20-30; 1 female 50-60 

Male slaves under ten, two 10-20, three 24-36, one 
over 36 

Female slaves, one under 10, one 55-100, agricul- 
tural slaves three, two slaves in manufacturing (Mill) 

1850 - Constentine Hardeman - age 72 - Farmer 12,000 - 

Real Estate Born in N. C. 

Mary Hardeman - age 61 Born in N. C. 

Susanah Morton - age 58 Born in N. C. 

James Morton - age 29 - Farmer Born in TN. 

Charles Sneed - age 19 - Student Born in Ala. 

Robert Morgan - age 18 - Student Born in TN. 

Gilbert Morgan - age 15 - Student Born in TN. 

The Hardeman house sat on the east side of Stuarts Creek 
and south of the mill, which was across the creek. A bridge 
about forty yards above the dam provided access to the mill and 
was the public road at that time (see map) . This home was a 


large frame house about sixty by forty feet, two and one-half 
stories. A staircase in the entrance hall ran to the third 
floor ballroom. Four large rooms were on the first floor and 
two on the second floor, each off the center hall and staircase. 
There was a small covered front porch. The lumber in the house 
was hand- sawed and hewn. The house corners were each hewn to 
turn an angle of 90°, from one log and each ran to the third 
floor. Braces to these corners were mortised and pegged. 
Rafters were red cedar poles hewn on one side. Sheeting was 
boards of log width, with shingles of red cedar. Chimneys at 
each end were built inside the house, with closets on each 
side of the fireplace downstairs. Walls were plastered through- 
out. Floor beams were 12 x 15 inch timber and floor joists 
were 4 x 12 inches, all hewn by hand. 

This house description came to me from Ira McDonald whose 
father, John McDonald, owned the property in 1910. Ira helped 
to take it down. The lumber from the house was bought by Ben 
Dodd. His son, Horace Dodd, relates to me that he helped to 
take it down and haul it, with wagon and team, to the Ben Dodd 
home, which is still standing as the James Gambill place today, 
off the Rocky Fork Road. This Hardeman House was also the Joe 
Black Home in the 1870 's - 1880' s. 

Early grist water powered mills in the area were Buchanan's 
or Jone's Mill, on Stone's River at the northern edge of 
Rutherford County. Crosthwait ' s , or the Davis Mill, was at 
Jefferson on the east fork of Stone's River as were Brown's 
Mill at Lascassas, the old mill at Readyville and Hall's Hill 


Mill at Halls Hill. On the west fork of Stone's River were 
Ward's Mill at Florence, Ransom's Mill at Murfreesboro and 
Elam's Mill on Elam Road. Sanders on McKennon was on Spring 
Creek - Alsup Mill on Fall Creek a mile east of Silver Hill - 
a mill I cannot name is said to have been just south of old 41 
highway on Overall Creek. An old map shows a mill on Stuarts 
Creek, just south of today's 1-24 on the old Dillon place. 
Maps show a mill at Walter Hill near the Thomas C. Black place, 
and where the present dam is. I do not know which was the 
earliest. * 

Hardeman's Mill and the Readyville Mill were different 
in that all the above mills were built adjacent to the dams 
which diverted the water directly into the power wheel or 
turbine. The Hardeman and Readyville Mill dams diverted the 
water into a canal or flume which ran several hundred yards 
to the mill house and flowed back into the river or creek on 
the opposite side of the mill house as it meandered back.* 

Mr. Hardeman no doubt having great need for a source of 
power to accomplish the needs of his rural society, daily 
studied the possibilities of Stuarts Creek in his area, and 
selected the site where the proper fall and curve of the creek 
made this possible. 

Water power is the power obtained from water by its fall 
from a higher to a lower level. The real agent is gravity, 
the fluid itself being the agent through which the action of 
gravity is transmitted to the prime mover. So the dam, the 
canal and water gates were arranged to control the water flow 
or fall. 

*See photos on page 75 


Mr. Hardeman having determined these possibilities, set 
about, with slave labor, to quarry the huge stones for erection 
of the dam and mill house foundation. Excavation for the dam 
footings and digging the canal to the mill house all had to be 
done with mules and hand labor. Bricks for the mill house had 
to be moulded and burnt. As the mill house went up, timbers 
had to be taken from the forest and sawed into proper size 
and length, a project that could not be accomplished in a 
few days. 

The dam is 75 to 100 feet long, 10 to 12 feet high and 
3 to 4 feet thick. The park service of Percy Priest did some 
repair about 1972 to the dam. Over the years the water had 
washed out the dirt banks at each end.* 

The mill house was two-story brick above a rock foundation 
about 54 feet long and 4 feet wide. Under the first floor 
which was some four feet above ground level, the rock foundation 
had open arch-ways for ventilation and access and was some six 
feet space under the floor where the main shaft and belt wheels 
sent the power into the mill from the water turbine or wheel.* 

The water wheel was not the old picturesque wooden wheel 
with water spilling over the top. This was a turbine type, with 
the wheel laying down flat and the power shaft in a vertical 
position. The fins or veins in the wheel part were arranged 
so that water spilling in from the top center, propelled the 
sloping fins or blades as it passed and spilt out around the 
bottom outside. This was a very popular type power turbine in 

*See photos on page 75 


America about 1810. (See water wheels in any good encyclopedia.) 
It is reported that "the first water powered mill in Rutherford 
County was built in 1799, (then Davidson County.) By 1830, 
there were twenty mills in operation." 

The machinery in the mill house elevated the grain to 
the upper floors and as it came back down through the milling 
machinery, which were grinders, sifters, and blowers, the 
flour or meal was caught in large bins, from which it was 
dispensed to customers or sacked for storage. It would be 
interesting to know where Constant got this machinery and water 
wheel and how it was transported, over what routes, into this 
undeveloped area. 

Many years passed, joy and prosperity reigned, a family 
was raised and educated as the farm and mill operation continued. 
Hardeman evidently operated his mill until the time of his 
death on August 27, 1850. 

Ira McDonald remembers having been told by his elders, 
who were neighbors of Hardeman, that the creek flooded, and that 
Mr. Hardeman went to the stable to get his horse out of the 
rising waters, where the horse kicked him and killed him. The 
tale of a flood in August, a dry month, makes me a little 
skeptical, but is handed on as folk history. 

A list of articles sold at the residence of the late 
Constent Hardeman on the 26th day of September, 1850, shows 
that his farm and mill operation was vast. This list included 
horse drawn farm tools, augers, planes, axes, frows, saws, 
harness, gears, shafts, shingles, guns, saddles, cooking 


utensils, buggies (one fine carriage sold to Charles Lewis 
Davis, father of hero Sam Davis, for $452.00), horses, mules, 
hogs, cows, sheep, corn, flax wheel, wagons, chains, ten 
slaves, and his investment in the Nashville-Murf reesboro and 
Shelbyville Turn-pike Company. Since he was 72 years old, 
which indicates that he may have been retired at this time, 
it is believed he rented the grist mill and saw mill for at 
least two months prior to the sale, or they could have been 
rented since his death. 

The neighbors and friends who attended and bought at 
this sale are listed and include many that are lost in the 
history of the area: Reed, Ward, Ralston, Farris, Ballentine, 
Bennett, Wade, Sneed , Cash, Goodman, Hicks, Haynes, etc. 
John C. Gooch, father of Col. John S. Gooch of Civil War fame, 
was the administrator of this estate. However, he died before 
the estate was settled, and the court appointed Mr. Charles 
Lewis Davis to take his place. 

In 1882 on November 1, John M. Hardeman of Texas conveyed 
to his brother, Thomas Hardeman of Mississippi, all of his 
interest in their father's estate including the sale of the 
land in Rutherford County where-on he resided at the time of 
his death and which was sold for partition, by decree of Circuit 
Court of Rutherford County. Also included was his undivided 
interest in that tract of land which was assigned as dower to 
Mary Hardeman, his widow. This was the home place during her 
lifetime. John Marr also transferred his interest in land 
in Obion and Weakley Counties at this time to Thomas. This 


document does not indicate why the interest was transferred, 

but does show that the mill was sold or partitioned at Constant's 


Mary Hardeman, widow, having died in February of 1859, 
nine years after Constant and still holding the home place 
as dower, is believed to have sold to Charles Lewis Davis the 
mill site; because, in April of 1859, Charles L. Davis sold 
the mill site containing seven and one-third acres to Mr. or 
Dr. Thomas C. Black, father of Dr. Sam P. Black and Joe M. 
Black. The record book of this date was destroyed by the 
Federal soldiers while they were occupying the court house at 
Murfreesboro. It is possible that Charles Lewis Davis deeded 
this to Thomas C. Black as administrator and never owned it. 

Thomas C. Black owned and operated the mill during the 
Civil War, or War Between The States as the U.D.C. prefers to 
call it. This was a hectic period for any business operation 
in Middle Tennessee. Likely the operation was closed down 
and all supplies, machinery, tools, livestock and grain, even 
labor, including slaves, were consumed or disrupted by the 
Federal soldiers. Occupation of the business by the Federals 
could have been possible. 

It appears that the war had its effects because in 1869, 
four years after the war, a partnership was formed between Dr. 
Thomas C. Black and his son. Dr. Sam P. Black, for the purpose 
of rebuilding and operating the mill. 

Dr. Samuel Pitt Black was born April 10, 1838, near 
Walter Hill. At an early age he began the study of medicine 


with his father, Dr. Thomas C. Black. Sam graduated from the 
Medical College of Nashville and practiced with his father. He 
was appointed Assistant Surgeon of the Nashville Hospital where 
he did not remain long because of a tubercular condition. He 
served in the 4th Tennessee Cavalry Company as a private and 
was transferred to the Medical Department of East Tennessee. 
Dr. Sam's name appears in the minutes of the Smyrna Medical 
Society in 1876. He was a brother to Miss Kate Black Ward. 
He was a Democrat and a Mason. Sam was never married. 

The part of the property on which the old Hardeman house 
was located, eleven and three-quarter acres, was evidently 
bought by Henry Gregory and S. H. Miller from the Hardeman 
Estate sometime after Mary's death in 1859 (books destroyed). 
This is assumed to be true for in 1873 the two above owners 
sold that tract of land to Dr. Thomas C. and his son, Sam P. 

This partnership continued until the death of Dr. Thomas 
Black in May of 1878, when by decree of the Chancery Court, 
that Dr. Sam P. Black, by paying to the estate of his father 
the sum of two thousand cash and four thousand seven hundred 
dollars, claims and assuming the liabilities of the mill 
business, became the sole owner. 

I cannot determine why in 1882 John N. Hardeman of Texas 
still had an interest in his father's homeplace. However, we 
must keep in mind that this was the period of the Civil War, 
military government, and reconstruction. 


Sam P. Black ran the mill, after having acquired his 
father's interest in 1878, until 1885-88. Here I insert a letter 
from Tom G. Sanders dated October, 1974, from his home in 
Sarasota, Florida, a response to my request for information. 
Mr. Tom is 96 years old, was born and raised at Stewartsboro 
and Smyrna. He was a man of great character. 

"I was born February 9, 1878, and when I say 
something happened which I was a certain age you 
can figure what year it was. 

When I was 5 or 6 years old (1883-1884) his 
boiler exploded. He had a steam engine to supple- 
ment the water power when the creek was low. My 
father wanted to see the extent of the damage, 
and took me with him the morning after the 
explosion. Dr. Sam was at the mill when we arrived 
and took us around the mill showing us the damage. 
He remarked that it just blew it to atoms. It 
was the first time I had ever heard the word 
"atom," and it made an impression on me that 
lasted. The mill was quite a wreck and it was 
reported that after the explosion someone went 
into the mill to find Dr. Sam, and they said he 
was scrambling out from under a pile of bricks 
and other trash and was heard to say; Heckl it will 
kill all my cats. He had some five cats that he kept 
in the mill to keep down rats and mice. 


A stub of the boiler went across the road 
and killed a young mule or cow at No. 7. I think 
he had' a negro to fire the boiler and I don't 
remember whether he was killed or not, if he 
was killed he was the only one. 

I don't think that Dr. Sam made any effort to 
remodel the mill, and it stood a wreck until W. H. 
(Bud) Gregory bought it which was about the time 
I was 13 or 16 years old." (1891-1894) 

When I was 18 to 21 years old (1896-1899) I 
visited Miss M. B. McDonald pretty regularly on 
Sunday nights, and usually rode horseback and 
went by Blacks Mill and forded the creek at the 
mill at No. 6., so I know the bridge at No. 8 was 
not built or the road opened from No. 3 to No. 4 
until after 1900. I don't know when it was opened 
for I was away from the Smyrna community. There 
was a path and foot bridge, or log, across the 
creek at No. 3. The path was from No. 4 to No. 3 
and people used it when the creek was up or when 
they were walking and had no way to ford the creek. 

The Mill was located at No. 1 and the mill race at 
No. 2. This is all from memory and of course is 
liable to be far from right, so excuse the errors." 

"T. G. Sanders" 
W. H. (Bud) Gregory did not buy the mill at this time as 
Tom Sanders suggested, because I find a deed dated September 5, 


1888, showing that Sam P. Black, now owning all of the Hardeman 
mills and home property, and the mill still not repaired after 
the boiler explosion, sold the mill and real estate to his 
brother, Joe M. Black, W. E. Ward and C. A. Ward for $2,500.00, 
payable in three notes at 6% interest. This consisted of 
three tracts: (1) the Hardeman Mill site 7 3/4 acres; (2) 
the Hardeman home place, 11 3/4 acres,, bought from Henry 
Gregory and S. H. Miller in 1873; and (3) 2 1/3 acres which 
was a part of the old Academy Lot. The Academy Lot was an 
effort of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church to establish a female 
academy and church in 1837, a story in itself. 

In 1892 after Joe Black, Will Ward, and Charley Ward 
had repaired and operated the mill four years, they sold it 
to W. E. Ward for $3,000.00, still the three tracts, about 21 

Now in 18 94, Henry Gregory conveyed to W. E. Ward a 
nearby tract of 94 acres. Ward paid Henry Gregory $2,000.00 and 
conveyed the Black Mill property as part payment for the 94 
acres. So Henry Gregory got the mill in a land trade January 1, 
1895, the day of possession. 

One year later on January 1, 1896, W. H. Gregory and wife, 
Ida S. Gregory, sold the mill property to a LeRoy McKennon. 
The same year, October 27, 1896, for a $500.00 profit he sold 
the mill back to Gregory. I cannot determine who LeRoy McKennon 
was or why he deeded it back to Gregory a few months later. 
Mr. Preston Ford remembers that the old water race was repaired 
by the Gregorys in 1906-1907 by walling it up with stone. 


Mr. Robert Heath, son of Henry Heath, born on the Mayfield 
Ross place near the present Enon Springs Road Bridge, remembers 
that Mr. Henry Heath and his brother, Cal Heath, worked for 
Charley Ward, both mill and farm vrark. Henry ran the mill by 
day and Cal by night. One night Cal had indulged in a portion 
of strong drink, and while his glee was abounding, he put a cat 
on the fan-sifter while in operation. The cats unsuccessful 
attempt to liberate itself, disrupted the operation sending 
clouds of dust and ground wheat all over the place. Mr. Henry 
Heath, suspecting trouble, had gone back to the mill to check 
things and told of this incident. 

The Gregory's ceased to operate the mill around 1916-1^17, 
the time of the First World War. Mr. W. C. Fvans was the last 
miller to operate the mill. At this time no flour was made, only 
meal. One reason for this is that R. 0. Davis and his brother, 
Sam B. Davis, had built a large modern steam operated flour 
mill on the railroad in Smyrna, where they produced the famous 
"Sarah Davis" flour in great quantity. The steam engine had 
been moved to the Sam Hager Cotton Gin in Smyrna. The old 
boiler was used for a road culvert near the Oscar Mann place 
on Enon Springs Road. Evans came into Smyrna and operated a 
gasoline powered mill at Hager and Second Street. 

Al and Watt Gregory evidently operated the mill at inter- 
vals. Dodson and Overton Gregory used the mill house for a 
broom factory. They had raised a large quantity of broom corn 
on the bottom land at the east end of what is now Rice Circle 
in Smyrna . 


An attempt to salvage the brick in the old mill house 
ended in the destruction of it. The bricks after some 100 years 
were not good enough to be reused. Eventually the old machinery 
was hauled away for scrap iron. The vertical shaft turbine or 
water wheel was removed and taken to Wards' nill for use there. 

On the 12th day of September, 1919, W. H. Gregory and 
wife, Ida, sold about 13 acres for $2,000.00 (reserving the mill 
and road leading to it) to James T. Seward. At this time the 
old Sam Black house was still standing, and Seward had just 
married, evidently planning this for his home. James Seward 
was a brother to our Walter Seward. James, however, never 
moved there and about a year later sold the tract to B. S. 
Flowers for a $500.00 profit on November 17, 1'520. On the same 
day that Seward sold to Flowers, B. S. Flowers resold for a 
$250.00 profit, the 13 acres, to Lon S. Mayfield. Marginal 
notation on this deed to Mayfield shows that Mayfield 's title 
was cleared in 1929 by J. R. Miller, who was connected with 
the Smyrna Bank and Trust Company at that time. 

Mayfield being a carpenter by trade, tore down the old 
Sam Black house and built a modern frame house. He lived there 
with his family until his death. This house was moved across 
Enon Springs Road and is there today. This moving occurred 
when Percy Priest bought- the- rioperty for a park in 1967 or 1968 

Lon Mayfield having lived here for about twenty years and 
his children married and gone, turned the property over to his 
son, Bovel Mayfield. The deed stipulated that Bovel would pay 
a small loan to a Sam Hall and that Mr. and Mrs. Lon Mayfield, 


now in their retiring years, would retain possession until the 
death of survivor. 

In 1934, w. H. Gregory died intestate and his widow passed 
away in 1951. This left H. W. Gregory and Ida Bell Paxton 
their only heirs-at-law. They sold the old mill site contain- 
ing about 8 acres on Stuarts Creek in 1951, thus bringing back 
together the old mill site of 29 acres, to Bovel Mayfield who 
held the surviving land on December 3, 1951. (Price not evi- 

On the 5th day of May, 1967, Bovel Mayfield and wife. 
Bertha, along with Mrs. Girtie Mayfield, widow, holding dower, 
sold the property to the Government. The improvements 
untimately cost the Government $35,000.00. 

So the dreams of Constant Hardeman and all his efforts 
after about 100 years lay idle and in ruin, washed and eroded 
by flood waters and the elements, viewed only by an occasional 
fisherman, or local boys, who in the summer, swam and played 
in the nude. Cattle and stock grazed here peacefully making 
paths through the undergrowth. 

So the evolvement of man, and the elements that surround 
us, have brought this scene along the Stuarts Creek almost 
back to where it was when Mr. Hardeman first viewed it in his 

The rains continue, the soft winds still blow, the forest 
and fields still react to the seasons that follow, each in their 
appointed order. Man continues to pursue his physical and mone- 
tary needs, as society rushes on to the moon and the universe 
beyond . 


All these people have added much to our today. It is 
my hope that, when we are written about, the efforts and 
pursuits of our lives will be listed as charity - not as 
sounding brass. 



1. Davidson County Tennessee - indenture Aug. 25, 1800. 

2. Walter K. Hoover historical collection. 

3. Memories of local citizens. 

4. On site observations. 

5. Rutherford County Tennessee - Deed Book H, Page 422 

6. " " " - Appointed Administrator- 

list of sale 

7. " " " - Deed Book 5, Page 681 

8. " " " - Deed Book 19, Page 121 

9. " " " - Deed Book 30, Page 220 

10. " " " - Deed Book 33, Page 280 

11. " " " - Deed Book 35, Page 225 

12. " " " - Deed Book 37, Pages 144 

and 584 

13. " " " - Deed Book 62, Page 473 

14. " " " - Deed Book 64, Page 304 

15. " " " - Deed Book 69, Page 21 

16. " " " - Deed Book 87, Page 79 

17. " " " - Deed Book 109, Page 597 

18. " " " - Deed Book 175, Page 142 

19. T. G. Sanders, Sarasota, Florida 



Preston Ford 

"I have seen rats running running over the 
roof of the old mill house, so I am sure that 
the roof was not tin." 

"There were grain bins under the first floor 
for storage." 

"The steam engine power belt went into the mill, 
to the water wheel shaft, through the archway in 
the foundation at the west rear of the mill house 
(see photo) . At one time there was a shed that 
housed the boiler and steam engine, adjacent to 
this archway." 

Allen W. Gooch 

"As I recall it, on the east side of the dam 
there was a concrete pillow, on the top of which was 
inscribed, (My Fishing Place - W. H. Gregory) . 
This was evidently finger marks made by Mr. Gregory, 
at a time of repair of the dam." 

"I recall when I was a boy 11 or 12, of going 
to this mill with Mr. John F. Tucker, who took a 
turn of corn to exchange for meal." 

"I went hunting on the mill property with John B. 
Hager, and just west of the mill house we found a 
covey of quail in a canebreak. This was the first 
time I ever saw cane growing wild." 

Walter King Hoover 

"There are two other graves in the Hardeman 
cemetery that have not been mentioned. (1) Peterfield J, 
January, Oct. 16, 1836; May 5, 1846. (2) Constant P. 
son of M. H. and M. J. January; Feb. 15, 1848, Age 
11 mo. , 25 days. " 

"There are two mill stones in the front walk 
at the Henry Davis home at Stuarts Creek, and old 
Nashville-Murfreesboro Turnpike, the Davis and Gregory 
families were related, which leads me to believe that 
these came from this old mill." 


S. Richmond Sanders 

"About 1919-20 local boys having a zesty 
interest in the old swimming hole, wore permitted 
by Dodson Gregory, to move a large round millstone 
(a topstone) from the Gregory Mill site to "Calls" 
or Kale's Hole. This favorite swimming place is some 
100 yards below the Sam Davis Home on the Stewart's 
Creek. The seclusion, smooth rock bottom, and about 
four feet of water provided a delightful place for 
naked boys." 

"Jimmie Moore, Leslie and Clarence Wright, 
Robert Dayton, John Richmond Jones, and I loaded 
the stone on an old four cylinder Chevrolet skeeter 
which brought it into Smyrna, where the old skeeter 
quit running. Not to be outdone, they hitched 
up a buggie, transferred the stone and by going 
through the fields, got it to Kale's Hole. They 
placed it on a wooden platform just above the water 
level, where it remained for thirty or forty years." 

"Hundreds of local boys, over several generations, 
will recall the joy of their youth, when they recall 
Kale's Hole and jumping off this stone." 

"The stone was moved by Mrs. Media Sinnott to 
102 Crescent Ave. in Smyrna, and is there in the 
back door terrace today." 

"Leroy McKennon was the miller at Jones Mill, 
before going to Sanders Mill or McKennons Mill on 
Spring Creek. He also was the McKennon who bought 
the Gregory's Mill." 

The mill dam - It has changed little since its 
construction by Hardeman. The top of the dam 
once was topped by a log to prevent debris from 
chipping away the top layer of stone. The canal 
angled away to the right. 

Water flowing through a central gate to the right 
was channeled into the canal to the mill house. 
In the foreground was once the dirt creek bank. 

This canal connected the mill house with the dam. 
Once walled with stone, the man-made channel still 
carries water past the mill house site. 

Remains of the mill house foundation - The power 
shaft from the turbine-type wheel went into the 
mill through the stone archway. The wheel was 
positioned in the channel at the bottom of the 



Vol . I , N.W. 3rd of County 

(The first of 3 volumes) 

A joint publication by the Sons of the American Revolution 
and the Rutherford County Historical Society 

Complete listing of 256 cemeteries and private graveyards 
with maps and index. 

A magnificent assist to geneologists and others interested 
in the people who played a role in the development of 
historic Rutherford County. 

Order from: William Walkup 

202 Ridley Street 
Smyrna, TN 3716? 

Ten dollars per copy-add 50^ for postage. 


as of May 31, 1975 

1. Mr. John P. Adams 
Route 4 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

2. Mrs. John P. Adams 
Route 4 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*3. Mrs. W. D. Adkerson 

Route 8, Compton Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

4. Mrs. M. E. Arnold 
Route 2, Box 62-S 
Richmond, Texas 77469 

5. Mr. Haynes Baltimore 
302 Haynes Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

6. Mr. Robert T. Batey 
Route 1, Box 44 
Nolensville, TN 37135 

7. Miss Margaret Brevard 
903 E. Lytle Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*8. Dr. Fred W. Brigance 
1202 Scottland 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*9. Mrs. Fred W. Brigance 
1202 Scottland 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

10. Mr. Jerry Brookshire 
1815 Hamilton Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37120 

11. Mrs, Jerry Brookshire 
1815 Hamilton Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

12. Mrs. Lida N. Brugge 
714 Chickasaw Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

13. Mrs. C. Alan Carl 
120 Ensworth 
Nashville, TN 37205 

14. Mr. J. D. Carmack 
1707 Herald Lane 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

15. Mrs. J. D. Carmack 
1707 Herald Lane 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

16. Mr. Cecil J. Gates 
1103 Rutherford Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

17. Mr. Steve Cates 
1417 Poplar Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

18. Colonel Charles R. Cawthon 
1311 Delaware Avenue, SW 
Apartment S-245 
Washington, DC 20024 

19. Miss Louise Cawthon 
534 E. College 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

20. Mr. Almond Chaney 
Sanford Road 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

*21. Mrs. George Chaney 
P.O. Box 114 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

22. Mr. James L. Chrisman 
2728 Sharondale Court 
Nashville, TN 37215 

23. Mrs. James K. Clayton 
525 E. College 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

24. Mrs. Ellen Snell Coleman 
1206 Belle Meade Blvd. 
Nashville, TN 37205 

25. Dr. Robert Cor lew 
Manson Pike 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

26. Mrs. A. W. Cr anker 
305 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 


27. Dallas Public Library 
1954 Coinmerce Street 
Dallas, Texas 75201 

28. Mrs. Florence Davis 

Old Nashville Hwy, Rt . 2 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

29. Dr. Parker D. Elrod 
110 Swan Street 
Centerville, TN 37033 

30. Mrs. Moulton Farrar, Jr. 
502 Park Center Drive 
Nashville, TN 37205 

31. Mrs. Robert Fletcher 
14 President Way 
Belleville, Illinois 62223 

32. Miss Myrtle Ruth Foutch 
103 G Street, SW 
Washington, DC 20024 

33. Mr. John H. Fox 

1018 Northfield Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

34. Mr. Charles E. Freeman 

Texas 76563 

35. Mr. Robert T. Goodwin 
202 N. Academy Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

36. Mrs. Robin Gould 

2900 Connecticut Avenue 
Washington, DC 20008 

37. Mrs. Robert Gwynne 
Brittain Hills Farm 
Rock Springs Road 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

38. Mr. Donald L. Hagerman 
807 Sunset Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*39. Miss Mary Hall 
821 E. Burton 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

40. Miss Adelaide Hewgley 
Route 3 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

41. Mrs. Eulalia J. Hewgley 
Route 3 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

42. Mrs. B. K. Hibbett, Jr. 
2160 Old Hickory Blvd. 
Nashville, TN 37215 

43. Mrs. Carolyn Holmes 
119 McFarlin Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

44. Mr. Ernest Hooper 
202 2nd Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

45. Miss Elizabeth Hoover 
400 E. College Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*46. Mr. Walter King Hoover 
101 Division 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

*47. Mr. Robert S. Hoskins 
310 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*48. Mrs. Robert S. Hoskins 
310 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*49. Mr. C. B. Huggins, Jr. 
915 E, Main 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

50. Dr. James K. Huhta 

507 E. Northfield Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

51. Mr. Jimmy A. Hut son 
P.O. Box 1497 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

52. Mr. Jack I. Inman 
5712 Vine Ridge Drive 
Nashville, TN 37 205 

53. Mrs. Jack I. Inman 
5712 Vine Ridge Drive 
Nashville, TN 37205 

*54. Mr. Ernest King Johns 
Box 85, Route 1 
Smyrna, TN 37167 
















Mr. Thomas N. Johns 
501 Mary Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mrs. Buford Johnson 
109 Chestnut Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mrs. R. H. Johnson 
615 Webb Street 
Lafayette, Louisiana 


Mr. Homer Jones 
1825 Rag land Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. Robert B. Jones, III 
819 W. Northfield Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. Belt Keathley 
1207 Whitehall Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Belt Keathley 
1207 Whitehall Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Miss Adeline King 
Cambridge Apartments 
1506 18th Avenue, South 
Nashville, TN 37212 

Mr. W. H, King 

2107 Greenland Drive 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. W. H. King 
2107 Greenland Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. George Kinnard 

Route 1 

LaVergne, TN 37086 

Mrs. George Kinnard 

Route 1 

LaVergne, TN 37086 

Mrs. Edna T. Lackie 
141 McCorry 
Jackson, TN 38301 

Mrs. Louise G. Landy 

1427 South Madison 

San Angelo, Texas 76901 

69. Mr. John B. Lane 
P.O. Box 31 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

70. Dr. Samuel D. Lane 
226 Robin Hill Road 
Nashville, TN 37205 

71. Mr. Albert D. Lawrence 
225 McNickle Drive 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

*72. Mr. Wm. C. Ledbetter, Jr. 
115 N. University 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

73. Mrs. Lalia Lester 
1307 Northfield Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

74. Mr. T. Vance Little 
Beech Grove Farm 
Brentwood, TN 37027 

75. Mrs. Louise G. Lynch 
Route 5 

Franklin, TN 37064 

*7 6. Mrs. Dorothy Matheny 
1434 Diana Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

77. Mr. T. Edward Matheny 
102 Park Circle 
Columbia, TN 38401 

78. Maury County Public Library 
211 West 8th Street 
Columbia, TN 38401 

79. Mrs. James McBroom, Jr. 
Route 2, Box 131 
Christiana, TN 37037 

80. Mrs. Mason McCrary 
209 Kingwood Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*81. Mr. Ben Hall McFarlin 
Route 2, Manson Pike 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*82. Mrs. Ben Hall McFarlin 
Route 2, Manson Pike 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 


83. Mrs. Elise McKnight 
2602 Loyd Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

84. Mrs. Evelyn Merritt 
R.R. #1 

Newman, Illinois 61942 

85. Miss Luby H. Miles 
Monroe House, Apt. 601 
522 - 21st St., NW 
Washington, DC 20006 

86. Mr. Donald E. Moser 
1618 Riverview Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

87. Mr. Eugene R. Mullins 
2400 Sterling Road 
Nashville, TN 37215 

88. Mrs. David Naron 

Rock Springs Rd., Rt . 1 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

89. Mr. James B. Nelson 
206 E. Clark Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

90. Mrs. James B. Nelson 
206 E. Clark Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

91. Mr. John Nelson 
Nelson Lane 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*92. Mr. Lawson B. Nelson 

13812 Whispering Lake Drive 
Sun City, Arizona 85351 

93. Dr. Joe Edwin Nunley 
305 2nd Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

94. Mrs. J. H. Oliver 
The Corners 
Readyville, TN 37149 

95. Mr. Harry M. Patillo 
Box 1 

Eagleville, TN 37060 

96. Mr. Charles C. Pearcy 

TN 37086 

97. Mr. Dean Pearson 
414 Ross Drive 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

98. Mrs. Janice P. Pettross 
120 Hutchinson Drive 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

99. Mr. Walt Pfeifer 
Box 1936 

Abilene, Texas 79604 

*100. Dr. Homer Pittard 
309 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

101. Mr. Bobby Pope 
Old U.S. 41 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

102. Mr. A. C. Puckett 
Mason Circle 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

*103. Mr. Robert Ragland 
Box 544 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

104. Mrs. Robert Ragland 
Box 544 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

105. Mrs. Frances R. Richards 
Apt. 33, Executive House 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

106. Mr. Granville S. Ridley 
730 E. Main 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

107. Mrs. James A. Ridley, Jr. 
Route 3, Lebanon Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

108. Mayor Sam Ridley 
Box 128 

Smyrna, TN 37167 

109. Mr. Billy E. Rogers 
506 Jean Drive, Route 2 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

*110. Mrs. Elvis Rushing 
604 N. Spring 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 


111. Mrs. Marie Russell 
Box 34057 
Houston, Texas 77034 

*112. Miss Racheal Sanders 
1311 Greenland Drive 
Apartment D-1 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*113. Miss Sara Lou Sanders 
1311 Greenland Drive 
Apartment D-1 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

114. Mrs. Janet Saviello 
4 Ledgetree Road 
Medfield, Mass 02052 

115. Mr. John F. Scarbrough, Jr. 
701 Fairview 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

116. Dr. R. Neil Schultz 
220 E. College 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

117. Mr. John Shacklett 
307 S. Tennessee Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

118. Mr. William A. Shull, Jr. 
4211 Ferrara Drive 
Silver Springs, MD 20906 

119. Mrs. J. A. Sibley, Sr. 
2007 Cloverdale Avenue 
Baton Rouge, LA 70808 

120. Mr. Don Simmons 
1397 Johnson Blvd. 
Murray, KY 42071 

*121. Mr. Gene Sloan 

728 Greenland Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

122. Colonel Sam W. Smith 
318 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*123. Miss Dorothy Smotherman 
1220 N. Spring Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*124. Mr. Travis Smotherman 
21 Vaughn's Gap Road 
Apartment B-28 
Nashville, TN 37205 

125. Mrs. E. C. Stewart 
127 Inner Circle 
Maxwell AFB, ALA 36113 

126. Mr. Allen J. Stockard 
1330 Franklin Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

127. Mrs, Robert Mac Stone 
921 Westview Avenue 
Nashville, TN 37205 

128. Stones River DAR 

TN 37167 

129. Mrs. Robert Stroop 
Hidden Acres, Apt 1 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

130. Mr. Roy Tarwater 
815 W. Clark Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

131. Dr. Robert L. Taylor, Jr. 
1810 Jones Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

132. Mr. Mason Tucker 
Route 6, Elam Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

133. Mr. C. L. VanNatta 
P.O. Box 2862 

Rocky River, Ohio 44116 

134. Mrs. Joe Van Sickle 
910 Ewing 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

135. Mrs. Frances H. Vaughn 
5155 Abel Lane 
Jacksonville, FLA 32205 

136. Mrs. Emmett Waldron 
Box 4 

LaVergne, TN 37086 

y;tl37. Mr. Bill Walkup, Jr. 
202 Ridley Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

138. Mr. William T. Walkup 
202 Ridley Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 


139. Mrs. P. H. Wade 

1700 Murfreesboro Road 
Nashville, TN 37217 

140. Mrs. George F. Watson 
Executive House, B-17 
Franklin, TN 37064 

141. Mayor W. H. Westbrooks 
305 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

*142. Mrs. W. H. Westbrooks 
305 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

143. Mr. Charles Wharton 
917 Crownhill Drive 
Nashville, TN 37217 

144. Miss Kate Wharton 
Box 156, Route 2 
Apopka, FLA 32703 

145. Mr. Alfred T. Whitehead 
303 Maple Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

146. Miss Virginia Wilkinson 
1118 E. Clark Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

147. Mrs. Virginia Wilson 
507 Winfrey Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

148. Mrs. Edwin D. Witter, Jr. 
1864 Doris Drive 

Menlo Park, California 94025 

149. Mrs. Pauline H. Womack 
307 E. Monroe 

Greenwood, Mississippi 38930 

*150. Mr. Henry G. Wray 
24367 Fir Avenue 
Sunnymead, California 92388 

151. Mr. Thomas D. Yates 

Rutherford County Health Dept. 
303 N. Church 
Murfreesboro, TN .37130 

* Charter Members 

# Junior Member 


QUERIES - Are invited and should be submitted as follows: 
Genealogical ; List all surnames at top of query, 
give enough dates and places to identify the 
subject, and type or write clearly. 
General Information ; These queries are to be 
limited to specific items of historical interest. 
Queries are free to members and responses will be 
carried in the Society publications. To non- 
members a $1.00 charge is made. Each query must 
contain name and address of person submitting 
same. More than one query may be submitted at a 
time, but these should be listed in order of 
importance as some may be delayed until a later 

Mail queries to Homer Pittard, 309 Tyne Avenue, Murfreesboro , 

Tennessee 37130. 



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Rutherford county historical 
society publication no. 5 
Spring 1975